immanence


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immanence

(ĭm`ənəns) [Lat.,=dwelling in], in metaphysics, the presence within the natural world of a spiritual or cosmic principle, especially of the Deity. It is contrasted with transcendence. The immanence of God in the world is the basic feature of pantheismpantheism
[Gr. pan=all, theos=God], name used to denote any system of belief or speculation that includes the teaching "God is all, and all is God." Pantheism, in other words, identifies the universe with God or God with the universe.
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. Among the most important philosophies using the concept of immanence are StoicismStoicism
, school of philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium (in Cyprus) c.300 B.C. The first Stoics were so called because they met in the Stoa Poecile [Gr.,=painted porch], at Athens, a colonnade near the Agora, to hear their master Zeno lecture.
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 and the systems of Giordano BrunoBruno, Giordano
, 1548–1600, Italian philosopher, b. Nola. The son of a professional soldier, he entered the Dominican order early in his youth and was ordained a priest in 1572, but he was accused of heresy and fled (c.1576) to take up a career of study and travel.
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 and SpinozaSpinoza, Baruch or Benedict
, 1632–77, Dutch philosopher, b. Amsterdam. Spinoza's Life

He belonged to the community of Jews from Spain and Portugal who had fled the Inquisition.
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. In general, the great monotheistic religions have held that God is both immanent and transcendent, although individual thinkers have tended to emphasize one or the other aspect.

Immanence

 

a concept referring to one or another quality (or law) that exists within and is inherent to some object, phenomenon, or process. Materialist dialectics, for example, holds the view that opposing principles, dialectical contradictions, are immanent within all objects and phenomena.

In the history of philosophy immanence is contrasted with transcendence. As a problem in the theory of knowledge, immanence has had an important role since the time of Kant, who posed the problem of the so-called immanent use of reason, that is, of its limitations: in Kant’s view, the valid use of reason was limited in scope to the world of phenomena given in experience (as opposed to the invalid, or transcendent, use of reason, which goes beyond the bounds of possible experience). The adherents of immanentist philosophy refer to their conception by that name because in their view the object of knowledge appears as the internal content of consciousness. The term “immanent” is also used for philosophical criticism that considers a doctrine from the point of view of how consistently it adheres to its own premises.

References in periodicals archive ?
And I add that the principle of immanence is the mainspring of this heuristic.
The followers of al-Arabi expressed this concept of God's immanence using the phrase "wahdat al-wujud"--the unity of all being.
Milbank rejects differential immanence because he reads it as reflecting the pagan myth of original and necessary violence.
Spinoza was the philosopher who knew full well that immanence was only immanent to itself and therefore that it was a plane traversed by movements of the infinite, filled with intensive ordinates.
Orphaned, a wandering nomad, deterritorialized to the outer orbit of the plane of immanence, defined only by the states through which it passes.
Perhaps the most vehement critique of immanence was Wyndham Lewis's Time and Western Man, which claimed that the "time-cult" (135) of immanent duration had become so pronounced that there was no way for a thinking person not to define a position in relation to it.
They have at one and the same time freed God from bondage to the world-order by asserting the creaturehood of all that is not God, and have ensured that the statement about the immanence of God firmly excludes any possibility of man's divinization, for man too is explicitly said to be a creature of God.
Immanence of 339 voltage stabilizers at subordinated branches & offices.
The messianic is, by this count, 'a movement of immanence, or, if one prefers, a zone of absolute indiscernability between this world and the future world'.
Agamben seeks an arche within immanence, not a secret transcendence.
Daniel Higgs is a Christ-haunted mystical poet whose lyrical and spiritual preoccupations parlay into gospel-infused mantras that both revel in the glorious immanence of a loving God and impart an apocalyptic flavor of Old Testament prophetic terror.
The trajectory of argument is, finally, for a greater emphasis on the humanity of Jesus and the life experiences of worshipers being brought into the meal practice, thus privileging immanence over transcendence.