It is also associated with skin lesions, diabetes, cardiovascular disease (Hughes, Beck, Chen, Lewis, & Thomas, 2011), and immunotoxicity
(Dangleben, Skibola, & Smith, 2013).
Regarding non-cancer health hazards, EPA will evaluate acute toxicity, liver toxicity, thyroid toxicity, reproductive/developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, immunotoxicity
, sensitization, and irritation.
NTP Monograph: Immunotoxicity
Associated with Exposure to Perfluorooctanoic acid or Perfluorooctane Sulfonate.
Evaluation of immunotoxicity
induced by propoxure in C57B1/mice.
The pH and electrical conductivity affect human skin and cause regulatory and auto-regulatory physiological dysfunctioning and disorder of human body resulting in many medical complexities and issues, while the metals and ions in particulate matter affect respiratory system, cardiovascular system, cause cancer, genotoxicity, neurotoxicity, immunotoxicity
, affect eyes, liver, pancrease and glucose metabolism .
The chapter ends with a discussion of AIDS and antiviral drugs and a section on methods for studying immunotoxicity
In vitro human peripheral blood cell model was used for the genotoxicity and immunotoxicity
Exposure to lead, a heavy metal neurotoxin, can cause anemia, hypertension, renal impairment, immunotoxicity
and toxicity to reproductive organs.
Moreover, for the only effect tested at three BPA doses, when plotted on a graph, the data results are so scattered and variable that they do not allow identification of a reference point for the immunotoxicity
of BPA and, therefore, cannot be used to set a TDI.
studies of nanotechnology-formulated drugs: Challenges, considerations and strategy.
A number of experiments have demonstrated the utility of fish models for immunotoxicity
The first volume is dedicated to considerations of nanoparticle consideration prior to immunotoxicity