advance

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advance

1. Commerce
a. the supplying of commodities or funds before receipt of an agreed consideration
b. the commodities or funds supplied in this manner
c. (as modifier): an advance supply
2. a money payment made before it is legally due

advance

[əd′vans]
(civil engineering)
In railway engineering, a length of track that extends beyond the signal that controls it.
(geology)
A continuing movement of a shoreline toward the sea.
A net movement over a specified period of time of a shoreline toward the sea.
(hydrology)
The forward movement of a glacier.
(mechanical engineering)
To effect the earlier occurrence of an event, for example, spark advance or injection advance.
(navigation)
In making a turn, the distance a vessel moves in its initial direction from the point where the rudder is started over until the heading has changed 90°.
The distance a vessel moves in the initial direction for heading changes of less than 90°.