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Parentheses ( ( ) ) are used to separate information that is not necessary to the structure or meaning of the surrounding text.
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see punctuationpunctuation
[Lat.,=point], the use of special signs in writing to clarify how words are used; the term also refers to the signs themselves. In every language, besides the sounds of the words that are strung together there are other features, such as tone, accent, and pauses,
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The left parenthesis "(" and right parenthesis ")" are used to delineate one expression from another. For example, in the query list for size="34" and (color = "red" or color ="green"), parentheses group the ORs together so they are a distinct entity from the AND.

In programming, parentheses are used to surround input parameters of a function call. For example, in C, the string compare statement strnicmp (itemA, itemB, 10) uses parentheses to group the ITEMA, ITEMB and 10 values handed over to the function.
References in periodicals archive ?
In FL003, Claire's Stores Reports Third Quarter Earnings, moved earlier today, we are advised by the company that in the table headed 39 Weeks Ended, none of the numbers should be in parentheses, rather than with parentheses as originally issued.
The most recent month for which data is available is noted in parentheses above.
Here are the most frequently given replies in 2002, with 1997 responses shown in parentheses for comparison: 1.