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incarceration (and decarceration)

the separation of people from the normal routines of everyday life within organizations such as prisons, asylums, long-stay hospitals, the armed forces, and boarding schools. Long-term incarceration can lead to the problem of INSTITUTIONALIZATION, and so to problems of adjusting to independent existence, e.g. for former prisoners or patients.

Decarceration normally implies a more general policy of releasing people from institutions like mental hospitals. The policy of ‘care in the community’, embraced by Conservative governments in Britain in the 1990s, and in Italy before this, is an example of this philosophy See also TOTAL INSTITUTION OR TOTAL ORGANIZATION.

References in classic literature ?
During the period of our incarceration Kantos Kan and I became well acquainted, and formed a warm personal friendship.
But in any case, Chief Inspector Heat, purveyor of prisons by trade, and a man of legal instincts, did logically believe that incarceration was the proper fate for every declared enemy of the law.
So they made him sign a statement which would prevent his ever sustaining an action for false imprisonment, to the effect that his incarceration was voluntary, and of his own seeking; they requested him to take notice that the officer in attendance had orders to release him at any hour of the day or night, when he might knock upon his door for that purpose; but desired him to understand, that once going out, he would not be admitted any more.
Normally, when we talk about prison sentences, researchers and policymakers consider the impact of the initial incarceration from admission until first release," says Bushway.
Children of the Prison Boom: Mass Incarceration and the Future of American Inequality
The issue of Mass Incarceration has even lead to the hypothetical concern as to whether or not this is another way of stifling the future increase of the African American population?
Ethnicity and Criminal Justice in the Era of Mass Incarceration
Locked In: The True Causes of Mass Incarceration and How to Achieve Real Reform, John Pfaff, Basic Books, 272 pages
Incarceration during adolescence leads to worse physical and mental health later in life, a new study finds.
My book was written for a distinctive end of its own, helping to end the injustice of mass incarceration in our time, and I am deeply grateful to these colleagues because I believe their insights will improve the ability of the book to contribute to that end, which I know each of them shares and has made important contributions toward.
So we were shocked to learn how much the people who live in high incarceration places already got it.