incident wave

incident wave

[′in·sə·dənt ¦wāv]
(electronics)
A current or voltage wave that is traveling through a transmission line in the direction from source to load.
(physics)
A wave that impinges on a discontinuity, particle, or body, or on a medium having different propagation characteristics.
References in periodicals archive ?
0] is the intensity of the initial wave, [theta] is the scattering angle, and [phi] is the angle between the propagating direction of the scattered wave and the direction of the electric field accompanying the incident wave.
The relation between the incident wave and the diffracted wave is one-to-many, while the relation between the incident wave and the reflected wave is that one-to-one, as shown in Figure 1.
On the other hand, the augmentation index displaying compliance of the arteries is defined as a percentage of the height of a reflected wave relative to the incident wave.
In a locale where both the incident wave and reflected wave were completely in-phase, the amplitude of the perceived sound wave is the summation of the colliding waves (i.
Ref] is the amplitude of the incident wave (note that it is not related to the water-path signal stored as [s.
As a result, the resonant current distribution excited by the incident wave remains as the one without the transmission line, and the incident waves will be reflected.
Following this idea, the influence of an incident wave shape on tsunami run-up characteristics (maximal run-up height, shoreline velocity, and breaking parameter) has been studied (Didenkulova et al.
Moreover, the directionality of the scattering may be controlled and changed dramatically just by fine tuning of the frequency of the incident wave.
Even if the incident wave is a pure Lamb mode, the interaction of a wave with a defect or structural feature can result in a complicated multimode signal, since there may exist at least two propagating modes in a plate at any chosen testing frequency.
Beyond the critical angle the reflection coefficient going from air (dense medium) to the ENZ is 1 as the incident wave experiences Total Internal Reflection (TIR) back into air.
After passing the discontinuity the energy of incident wave is divided between reflected and transmitted waves and they are passing away by their own characteristic impedances according to the following equation:

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