incinerator

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incinerator,

furnace for burning refuse. The older and simpler kind of incinerator was a brick-lined cell with a metal grate over a lower ash pit, with one opening in the top or side for loading and another opening in the side for removing incombustible masses called clinkers. Many small incinerators formerly found in apartment houses have now been replaced by trash compacters. The rotary-kiln incinerator used by municipalities and by large factories has a long, slightly inclined passageway through which refuse is moved continuously. In the first section the refuse is dried on moving steps, then moved onto a rocking grate where it is ignited and partially burned. The third and last section is a refractory-lined cylinder where combustion is completed. Clinkers spill out at the end. The heat from the incinerator generates steam in a boiler, producing as much as 100 megawatts of electricity. A high stack, fan, or steam jet supplied from the boiler supplies a draft. Ash drops through the grate, but many particles are carried along with the hot gases. These particles and volatile gases are burned in a combustion chamber fed by several furnaces. In order to control air pollution, the remaining gases are further treated, with acid gas scrubbers to control sulfuric and nitric acid emissions, and baghouses to remove all remaining dust particles, before they are released into the environment.

incinerator

[in′sin·ə‚rād·ər]
(engineering)
A furnace or other container in which materials are burned.

incinerator

An apparatus in which solid, semisolid, or gaseous combustible wastes are ignited and burned.
References in periodicals archive ?
If their incinerators fail to meet new federal standards, hospital officials will have to decide if it will be more cost-effective to upgrade existing incinerators or to use the commercial facility.
But the uncertainty of what will spew from an improperly equipped incinerator remains a major factor behind the growth of the anti-PVC sentiment abroad and a driving force behind the grassroots effort here.
a leading manufacturer of poultry heaters, nests and incinerators, as well as certain commercial heating products.
com adds Global Incinerator Market 2015-2019 a new industry research report in its store.
After induction on the National Recycling Day celebration at the Malaysian Tourism Centre (MATIC) the minister illustrated images of how incinerators were previously utilized in high-density zones in Tokyo enclosed by hospitals and schools.
uk to send them a copy of the health and environment impact reports for the proposed incinerator in Splott, Cardiff, and ask for the quantities to be stated in tons per year.
Incinerators are huge carbon-emitters when Wales aims to reduce its emissions by 3% per annum.
Every town used to have its own incinerator, and unsightly, unhealthy and wasteful landfill sites were few in number.
Coventry City Council has bid for private finance initiative funding to build a bigger incinerator next to the current burner.
Dear Editor, It is alarming that our councillors are considering building a sub-regional incinerator for the west side of the West Midlands.
The new rules also mandate that small incinerators with a daily burning capacity of less than 200 kg, such as those for use in households, be replaced with new models able to burn garbage at 800 C or above, unless the burning temperatures of existing models can be hiked above that threshold.
Source: David Seif man, "Mike Pushes Incinerators--But Not in His Back Yard," New York Post, March 26, 2002; Diane Cardwell, "Mayor Drops Incinerator Plan," New York Times, May 18, 2002.