indictment

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Related to indictable: Indictable offense

indictment

(ĭndīt`mənt), in criminal lawcriminal law,
the branch of law that defines crimes, treats of their nature, and provides for their punishment. A tort is a civil wrong committed against an individual; a crime, on the other hand, is regarded as an offense committed against the public, even though only one
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, formal written accusation naming specific persons and crimes. Persons suspected of crime may be rendered liable to trial by indictment, by presentment, or by information. An indictment is issued by a grand jurygrand jury,
in law, body of persons selected to inquire into crimes committed within a certain jurisdiction. It usually comprises a greater number than the trial, or petit (also, petty) jury, having since early common law days had between 12 and 23 members.
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 when the jury's investigation is initiated by the public prosecutor's presentment of a bill of indictment. A presentment is an accusation issued by the grand jury on its own knowledge, without any bill of indictment having been previously drawn up by the prosecutor. An information is an accusation presented directly by the prosecutor without consideration by a grand jury. The Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution safeguards the right to a preliminary hearing by a grand jury in major federal cases. It provides in effect that no person outside military service may be tried in a federal court for a capital "or otherwise infamous" (i.e., a felony) crime except on indictment or presentment. Fewer than half of the states similarly require grand jury action. When an indictment or presentment is approved, the foreman of the grand jury marks it "true bill." Indictments, presentments, and informations are similar to the plaintiff's complaint in a civil action (see procedureprocedure,
in law, the rules that govern the obtaining of legal redress. This article deals only with civil procedure in Anglo-American law (for criminal procedure, see criminal law).
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).

indictment

Criminal law
1. a formal written charge of crime formerly referred to and presented on oath by a grand jury
2. any formal accusation of crime
3. Scot a charge of crime brought at the instance of the Lord Advocate
References in periodicals archive ?
Begging was also changed from a police violation to an indictable crime by the 1885 vagabond laws.
Yes, the most recent examples of judicial impeachments have all involved indictable criminal behavior on the part of the impeached judge.
He was taken to a police station where he was set to be questioned by detectives on suspicion of armed robbery and possession of an imitation firearm with intent to commit an indictable offence.
An offender convicted of possessing an illegal firearm that is used in the commission of an indictable offence serving a mandatory minimum term of 18 months in custody
They said: "As this is an indictable offence it will have to be transferred to Newcastle Crown Court.
Gary Stretch, 47, was due to appear before Hereford JPs yesterday charged with encouraging or assisting in the commission of indictable offences over the knifings.
Gwent Police used cautions for 32% of indictable offences - those serious enough to be dealt with in the Crown Court - in the 12 months up to June 2012.
The 23-year-old, who is not a police officer or member of police staff, was arrested last night on suspicion of intentionally encouraging or assisting the commission of an indictable offence on or around December 14, Scotland Yard said.
Sheikh Shabbir Vaziri has been charged with two counts of accessory after the fact of female genital mutilation and hindering investigation of a serious indictable offence emerged.
A month ago Judge Hughes had remanded them in custody on the more serious charge of encouraging the commission of an indictable offence - a riot.
Of these previous offences, nine were for serious indictable offences while six were for less serious summary or breach offences.
Of all the prolific offenders charged with an indictable offence - the more serious crimes - around one in 20 escaped with a caution.