discrimination

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discrimination

Electronics the selection of a signal having a particular frequency, amplitude, phase, etc., effected by the elimination of other signals by means of a discriminator

discrimination

the process by which a member, or members, of a socially defined group is, or are, treated differently (especially unfairly) because of his/her/their membership of that group. To be selected for less favourable treatment, a social group may be constructed by reference to such features as race, ethnicity, gender or religion. A distinction can be drawn between ‘categorical’ and 'S tatistical’ discrimination. Categorical discrimination is the unfavourable treatment of all persons socially assigned to a particular social category because the discriminator believes that this discrimination is required by his social group. Statistical discrimination refers to less favourable treatment of individuals based on the belief that there is a probability that their membership of a social group leads to them possessing less desirable characteristics.

In the UK, there are laws that deal with both sex and race discrimination: the Sex Discrimination Act (1975) and the Race Relations Act (1976). In both Acts, ‘direct’ discrimination is made illegal, in that a person may not be treated less favourably than another on the grounds of gender, colour, ethnicity or race. However, the Race Relations Act also attempts to tackle ‘indirect’ discrimination. This was defined as consisting of treatment which may be described as equal in a formal sense, as between different racial groups, but discriminatory in its effect upon a particular racial group. Indirect discrimination is the application of conditions or requirements which may mean that:' (1) the proportion of persons of a racial group who can comply with these is considerably smaller than the proportion of persons not of that racial group who can comply with them; (2) they are to the detriment of the persons who cannot comply with them; (3) they are not justifiable irrespective of the colour, race, nationality or ethnic or national origins of the person to whom they are applied’ (A Guide to the Race Relations Act 1976 Home Office, 1977). See also POSITIVE DISCRIMINATION, RACE RELATIONS, SEGREGATION, GHETTO, PREJUDICE, SEX DISCRIMINATION.

Discrimination

 

(1) The limitation or deprivation of the rights of certain categories of citizens on the basis of such criteria as race, national origin, and sex. In bourgeois countries racial discrimination is especially widespread—the limitation of rights and persecution of persons for reasons of their racial origin. It is openly practiced in the USA against Indians, Negroes, and Chinese. In the Republic of South Africa the discrimination against East Indians and other non-Boer and non-European populations practiced by the English and Afrikaaners (Boers) has reached large proportions. Widely practiced in capitalist states are such forms of discrimination as lower pay for the labor of women and young people and the limitation of rights on the basis of political and religious convictions.

(2) Discrimination in international relations is the establishment of lesser rights for the representatives, organizations, or citizens of one country than for those of another. The practice of discrimination usually brings about reciprocal measures in the form of retortion on the part of the government against whom it is directed. The USSR and other socialist countries vigorously oppose all forms of discrimination in international relations.

discrimination

[di‚skrim·ə′nā·shən]
(communications)
In frequency-modulated systems, the detection or demodulation of the imposed variations in the frequency of the carriers.
In a tuned circuit, the degree of rejection of unwanted signals.
Of any system or transducer, the difference between the losses at specified frequencies with the system or transducer terminated in specified impedances.
(computer science)

discrimination

discriminationclick for a larger image
The minimum angular distance at which two objects on a radar screen can be seen separately. In the figure, the discrimination capability of the radar is 2°.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to initial reports and eye witnesses, Syed Nisar Ali Shah was going to courts from his residence Peoples Colony No 2 but when he was near Jhal Khanona bridge two unknown men stopped his car and resorted to indiscriminate firing which caused serious injuries to him.
Manzar Abbas Bhatti and Qalab Abbas alongwith Ahsan Zafar of Jahangir group were returning to their village after attending a local court and when they reached near the new Ghallah Mandi on Madhrianwala Road four unidentified armed accused riding a car opened indiscriminate firing.
Besides being indiscriminate, many of these attacks seemed primarily intended to spread terror among the civilian population," the report said.
According to police sources, the tragic incident took place when the deceased men were coming to appear in District and Secession Court, suddenly Mohammad Sheraz and his accomplices opened indiscriminate firing, as a result four persons Mohammad Qasim, Adnan, Wajid and Mohammad Iqbal killed on the spot.
Aerial bombardment, rockets, mortars and other indiscriminate attacks slaughter innocent men, women and children," the aid chiefs said.
UNAMA stressed that the indiscriminate use of IEDs may amount to a war crime.
The 80-page report, "Death from the Skies: Deliberate and Indiscriminate Air Strikes on Civilians," is based on visits to 50 sites of government air strikes in opposition-controlled areas in Aleppo, Idlib, and Latakia governorates, and more than 140 interviews with witnesses and victims.
Summary: Khartoum: Sudanese government forces are killing civilians in rebel - held border areas with indiscriminate .
Summary: Indiscriminate fishing ,combing all small creatures living by seaside is punishable and may draw imposition of fines up to AED 500, said Khalid Suletin, Head of Environment Emergency Office at Dubai Municipality.
The alliance pointed to international evidence which they claim shows indiscriminate raids "come at a high cost to sex workers with very little return in terms of arrests of traffickers or rescues of those genuinely in need".
At about nine weeks of age, Buddy turned out to be an incorrigible, indiscriminate eater.
Indiscriminate bombing by military purely to sow fear and terror among civilians, MILF says