The calculation of the electrical characteristics of non-equipotential groundings is based on the consistent application of the induced potential method and methods for calculating branched electrical circuits with distributed electrical parameters.
Further to the indicated set of electrodes, one can apply the induced potential method  to solve the electric field problem as a complex GD and determine the values of the flow resistance and the potentials of points on the surface of the ground.
k] is determined by the method of the induced potential.
The induced potential inside and outside the channelcan be expanded in terms of the regular solutions :
The induced potential inside the cylinder is given by using Fourier transforming Eq.
The induced potential
forms a series of traveling potential wells that are capable of carrying electrons in a depleted channel just below the surface.
Also, geophysical surveys such as ground magnetics and induced potential
may be used to penetrate the thick cover and trace the various veins prior to trenching and drilling.
To store surge voltages and current energy and afford protection against inductively induced potentials
, RC Networks are made with a high degree of voltage withstand strength, are non-inductive types to ensure a high degree of protection against pulse potentials and are packaged in cases, which meet or exceed the flammability requirements of UL94VO.
The networks have the capability to store surge voltages and current energy which afford protection against inductively induced potentials
Induced potentials on unmitigated pipelines can reach hundreds of volts at power line transposition locations or at
During single-phase-to-ground fault conditions on the powerline (such as when a single energized phase wire is shorted to a transmission line structure or substation grounding system), induced potentials in a pipeline with no mitigation system can reach thousands of volts, due to the intense magnetic field caused by the large current that may flow in the faulted wire.
They have the capability to store surge voltages and current energy that provides protection against inductively induced potentials