inductive inference


Also found in: Wikipedia.

inductive inference

References in periodicals archive ?
This is because E = K allows an agent to gamer evidence via inductive inference whereas standard Bayesian views disallow such a thing.
Scientific inductive inference depends on the uniformity of nature, whereas many key events portrayed in the scriptures are purported deviations from uniformity due to special divine action.
The same considerations outlined in the last two paragraphs would, suitably modified, speak against beliefs justified by inductive inference from observed to unobserved cases.
Topics of the refereed papers include testing (including a t-test for scale mixture errors), multiple testing (including step down control of the false discovery proportion), philosophy (including using frequentist statistics as a theory of inductive inference and a new look at the problem of specification), transformation models and proportional hazards (including modeling inequality and spread in multiple regression), copulas and decoupling, regression trees (including tree models for designated experiments), competing risks, robustness, multiple stochastic processes, asymptotics and density estimation.
Along with an interesting biography of Popper, Miller examines three stages of critical rationalism (fallibilism, negativism, skepticism) and what the arguments achieve, falsifiability as more than a convention, applied science, authoritative and radical rationalism, absolute skepticism, uniformity in inductive inference, critical rationalism's debt to Tarski, beauty as a road to the truth, language dependence, paraconsistent logic, and final comments on make falsification bite.
Explaining these areas at a level and in a way that is not often found in other books on the topic, the authors present the basic theory behind contemporary machine learning and uniquely utilize its foundations as a framework for philosophical thinking about inductive inference.
This in turn sheds light on two well-known approaches to inductive inference in philosophy of science: Bayesianism and statistical model selection.
If deductive inference abstracts directly from data, while inductive inference is based on but extrapolates partially beyond data, abductive inference extrapolates still further (p.
Blum is renowned for his work on computational complexity, automata theory, inductive inference, cryptography and program result-checking.
Why There Need Not Be Any Grue Problem about Inductive Inference As Such, STEPHEN HETHERINGTON
Caw's case for paradox is simply that if inductive inference is legitimate then our past inability to justify such inference warrants the inductive conclusion that we shall never be able to justify it.