industrial engineering

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industrial engineering:

see engineeringengineering,
profession devoted to designing, constructing, and operating the structures, machines, and other devices of industry and everyday life. Types of Engineering

The primary types of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, and mechanical.
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industrial engineering

[in′dəs·trē·əl ‚en·jə′nir·iŋ]
(engineering)
A branch of engineering concerned with the design, improvement, and installation of integrated systems of people, materials, and equipment. Also known as management engineering.

Industrial engineering

A branch of engineering dealing with the design, development, and implementation of integrated systems of humans, machines, and information resources to provide products and services. Industrial engineering encompasses specialized knowledge and skills in the physical, social, engineering, and management sciences, such as human and cognitive sciences, computer systems and information technologies, manufacturing processes, operations research, production, and automation. The industrial engineer integrates people into the design and development of systems, thus requiring an understanding of the physical, physiological, psychological, and other characteristics that govern and affect the performance of individuals and groups in working environments.

Industrial engineering is a broad field compared to other engineering disciplines. The major activities of industrial engineering stem from manufacturing industries and include work methods analysis and improvement; work measurement and the establishment of standards; machine tool analysis and design; job and workplace design; plant layout and facility design; materials handling; cost reduction; production planning and scheduling; inventory control, maintenance, and replacement; statistical quality control; scheduling; assembly-line balancing, systems, and procedures; and overall productivity improvement. Computers and information systems have necessitated additional activities and functions, including numerically controlled machine installation and programming; manufacturing systems design; computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing, design of experiments, quality engineering, and statistical process control; computer simulation, operations research, and management science methods; computer applications, software development, and information technology; human-factors engineering and ergonomics; systems design and integration; and robotics and automation.

The philosophy and motivation of the industrial engineering profession is to find the most efficient and effective methods, procedures, and processes for an operating system, and to seek continuous improvement. Thus, industrial engineering helps organizations grow and expand efficiently during periods of prosperity, and streamline costs and consolidate and reallocate resources during austere times. Industrial engineers, particularly those involved in manufacturing and related industries, work closely with management. Therefore, some understanding of organizational behavior, finance, management, and related business principles and practices is needed. See Computer-aided design and manufacturing, Human-factors engineering, Operations research, Production planning

References in periodicals archive ?
An industrial engineer serving as a production manager is charged with monitoring a process that makes drives shafts for an automobile.
Nelson started his career at Hormel Foods in 1971 as an industrial engineer in the Austin, Minn.
Pat Lenz, industrial engineer, joins us in Miller's office, bringing a set of blueprints.
After working as an Industrial Engineer in the company's Parts Manufacturing, Procurement, Clinical Products Division and Health Sciences Divisions, he held leadership roles in successive assignments within the Health Sciences equipment assembly operations.
He also served as industrial engineer systems analyst for the U.
Woolard, who joined Du Pont as an industrial engineer in 1957 at the Kinston, N.
Bouchard is an industrial engineer who acted as chief executive officer of a manufacturing company employing 150 persons before confounding Toptech Groupe Conseil Inc.
He earned a Bachelor of Science in engineering technology from Miami University and is a member of the Institute of Industrial Engineers, the Project Management Institute and the Institute of Asset Management.
A quarterly joint publication of the International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE) and Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE), JET brings together interdisciplinary research in management, industrial and systems engineering, information systems, organizational behavior, political science, economics and more.
Power management company Eaton announced that Kyle Croes, a former co-op student who was hired as a full-time Eaton employee in May, has won the 2014 Institute of Industrial Engineers James W.

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