industrial engineering

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Related to industrial engineering: Industrial design, civil engineering

industrial engineering:

see engineeringengineering,
profession devoted to designing, constructing, and operating the structures, machines, and other devices of industry and everyday life. Types of Engineering

The primary types of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, and mechanical.
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industrial engineering

[in′dəs·trē·əl ‚en·jə′nir·iŋ]
A branch of engineering concerned with the design, improvement, and installation of integrated systems of people, materials, and equipment. Also known as management engineering.

Industrial engineering

A branch of engineering dealing with the design, development, and implementation of integrated systems of humans, machines, and information resources to provide products and services. Industrial engineering encompasses specialized knowledge and skills in the physical, social, engineering, and management sciences, such as human and cognitive sciences, computer systems and information technologies, manufacturing processes, operations research, production, and automation. The industrial engineer integrates people into the design and development of systems, thus requiring an understanding of the physical, physiological, psychological, and other characteristics that govern and affect the performance of individuals and groups in working environments.

Industrial engineering is a broad field compared to other engineering disciplines. The major activities of industrial engineering stem from manufacturing industries and include work methods analysis and improvement; work measurement and the establishment of standards; machine tool analysis and design; job and workplace design; plant layout and facility design; materials handling; cost reduction; production planning and scheduling; inventory control, maintenance, and replacement; statistical quality control; scheduling; assembly-line balancing, systems, and procedures; and overall productivity improvement. Computers and information systems have necessitated additional activities and functions, including numerically controlled machine installation and programming; manufacturing systems design; computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing, design of experiments, quality engineering, and statistical process control; computer simulation, operations research, and management science methods; computer applications, software development, and information technology; human-factors engineering and ergonomics; systems design and integration; and robotics and automation.

The philosophy and motivation of the industrial engineering profession is to find the most efficient and effective methods, procedures, and processes for an operating system, and to seek continuous improvement. Thus, industrial engineering helps organizations grow and expand efficiently during periods of prosperity, and streamline costs and consolidate and reallocate resources during austere times. Industrial engineers, particularly those involved in manufacturing and related industries, work closely with management. Therefore, some understanding of organizational behavior, finance, management, and related business principles and practices is needed. See Computer-aided design and manufacturing, Human-factors engineering, Operations research, Production planning

References in periodicals archive ?
Industrial engineering is versatile because of its application in such a wide range of industries.
The award is presented annually to one undergraduate student in North America for distinguished service to industrial engineering through excellence in scholarship and campus leadership.
Kekkonen, director of industrial engineering and Six Sigma, also has announced his retirement, effective Dec.
3 /PRNewswire/ -- Keith Tregre has been named Director of Industrial Engineering for Shoney's, Inc.
Batson, who worked part time with the company while on sabbatical the past year, has involved other UA industrial engineering faculty in the work as their expertise was needed.
I think there's a good opportunity for graduates in quality, industrial engineering, manufacturing efficiencies and materials engineering.
Wade has a Bachelor of Science degree in industrial engineering from the University of Oklahoma, as well as graduate studies at the University of Oklahoma and Purdue University and currently serves as a member of the University of Oklahoma Industrial Engineering Advisory Board.
In 1975, he was promoted to industrial engineering manager and in 1978 he was named manager of production planning.
Needleman holds a BS in industrial engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and an MS in industrial engineering from Northeastern University.
Badiru (systems and engineering management, (Air Force Institute of Technology), Thomas (engineering and management, Air Force Institute of Technology), and 72 co-contributors provide an extensive compilation of tools, principles, and techniques of industrial engineering (IE) for military systems applications.
Five Technical Information Papers in the Materials Handling and Industrial Engineering subject category are being proposed for withdrawal, due to lack of interest expressed so far in reviewing and maintaining these documents.
He earned his degree in industrial engineering from General Motors Institute.

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