industrial society


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industrial society

  1. that form of society or any particular society, in which INDUSTRIALIZATION and MODERNIZATION have occurred.

    The general term originates from SAINT-SIMON who chose it to reflect the emerging central role of manufacturing industry in 18th-century Europe, in contrast with previous PREINDUSTRIAL SOCIETY and AGRARIAN SOCIETY.

    As the basic form of modern society, the term ‘industrial society’ covers both CAPITALIST SOCIETIES, since both exhibit the following common features: factory-based production, a declining proportion of the population employed in agriculture, the separation of the household from production, increases in the level of production and improvements in productivity, urbanization, improvements in consumption and social welfare, the provision of mass education and the achievement of widespread literacy Among other more disputed general features of industrial societies usually included are the tendency for extended family and kinship relationships to decline as the basis of social organization (see FAMILY, KINSHIP), and for religion to be undermined by SECULARIZATION. 2 a disputed model of modern society proposed as an alternative model to either capitalist society’ or ‘socialist society’. In this, more restricted sense of the term, a number of more specific propositions are advanced about modern society:

    1. that industrialization rather than capitalism or socialism is the decisive factor shaping modern society;
    2. that, rather than CLASS CONFLICTS of the dichotomous Marxian kind, CLASS and STATUS divisions occur which simply reflect divisions within the occupational structure of all industrial societies. Whilst these divisions result in a plurality of class and status conflicts (including SECTORAL CLEAVAGES), they occur in a manner which does not routinely undermine the basic effectiveness or continuity of these societies (see also CLASS STRATIFICATION, DAHRENDORF). (c) that there are clear signs of an ultimate CONVERGENCE between capitalist and socialist societies (including domination by a TECHNOSTRUCTURE of managers and technical experts – see also MANAGERIAL REVOLUTION) so that these societies will in the end emerge as neither classically capitalist nor conventionally socialist in social and economic form. See also STATE SOCIALISM, STATE CAPITALISM AND STATE MONOPOLY CAPITALISM, POSTCAPITALIST SOCIETY, POSTINDUSTRIAL SOCIETY.

References in periodicals archive ?
What Naess said was that it wasn't capitalism perse, or socialism, it was industrial society, and industrial society could have a capitalist or socialist face.
The statement went on to say that the law has overlooked the opinion of civil and industrial society experts and scholars in the mineral resources field who have consistently demanded a law to enhance the state capacities and optimally utilise mineral resources in order to attain maximum benefit for the national economy.
The author organises the book topically, and then explains how the features giving rise to industrial society developed over time to affect epistemology, economics, person-environment perceptions and relationships.
She published three books: Theology in an Industrial Society,Gospel in Industrial Society,and What Kind Of God?
The sense of connection, both to the people who grow our food and to those who prepare it, is becoming ever more important to people who see through the veil of our industrial society.
In the industrial society, technique, something of the order of know-how, has been grafted on to scientific activity, branching out and developing in all fields: agriculture, water, fauna, trade, games, culture, etc.
Civic scientific literacy" is what he calls the level of understanding of science and technology needed to function as citizens in a modern industrial society.
Embracing this new strategy provides the potential to change and positively impact the life of every employee in our industrial society.
Organisations including the Industrial Society, Inverclyde Council and several health boards have signed up for the workshops run by The Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama in Glasgow.
Although not primarily a work of theology per se, Beder's volume contains rich cultural analysis that is indispensable for anyone attempting to expand the dialogue between the Christian gospel and a modern industrial society that is dominated by an irrational and destructive work ethic and driven by the lure of consumption and achievement.
The Industrial Society said in its report that creativity was an essential ingredient for business success.
Industrial Society policy specialist Dr Sam Hardy said that equal opportunities in the workplace had stalled and the Government should be prepared to make gender audits compulsory if employers remain indifferent to the pay gap.

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