inertial reference frame


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

inertial reference frame

[i′nər·shəl ′ref·rəns ‚frām]
(mechanics)
A coordinate system in which a body moves with constant velocity as long as no force is acting on it. Also known as inertial coordinate system.
References in periodicals archive ?
This method of synchronization leads however to the non-equality of different inertial reference frames: the "preferred" inertial reference frame is such that got the first synchronization of the clocks.
where u is the velocity (it is directed along the x-axis) of the inertial reference frame K' with respect to the preferred inertial reference frame K, [gamma] = 1/[square root of 1 - [v.
It is obvious that the direct Tangherlini transformations have the sequel that time t' of a moving inertial reference frame has to delay in [gamma] times with respect to t that is the same that the transverse Doppler-effect in the Special Theory of Relativity.
This transformation holds for the volume dV of a material particle that is at rest in the inertial reference frame S'.
We consider an inertial reference frame S' (0', x',y', z', t')
moving with velocity [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] with respect to the inertial reference frame S (0, x, y, z, t) of the previous paragraph.