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An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. It is “unmarked” (which means that it is not conjugated for tense or person), and it is preceded by the particle to.
Infinitives are known as non-finite verbs, meaning they do not express actions being performed by the subjects of clauses. Instead, infinitives function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs to describe actions as ideas.
Infinitives are distinct from a similar construction known as bare infinitives or the base forms of verbs, which are simply infinitives without the particle to.
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see moodmood
or mode,
in verb inflection, the forms of a verb that indicate its manner of doing or being. In English the forms are called indicative (for direct statement or question or to express an uncertain condition, e.g.
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; tensetense
[O.Fr., from Lat.,=time], in the grammar of many languages, a category of time distinctions expressed by any conjugated form of a verb. In Latin inflection the tense of a verb is indicated by a suffix that also indicates the verb's voice, mood, person, and number.
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an indefinite form of the verb that can function syntactically as the substantive to provide the general name for an action or process, in many languages without reference to person, number, tense, or mood. It can have aspect, voice, and sometimes tense. A number of languages have various forms of the infinitive.

References in periodicals archive ?
The first or basic infinitive (the form of dictionary entries) most frequently appears with the verb of existence in different structures: 1) infinitival phrases as subjects, 2) basic infinitives in the context of nouns or adjectives, 3) North Saami verb of existence and the infinitive substituting the conditional perfect, a structure that implicates 'being close' in Finnish (so called propinquative), 4) the infinitive in relative clauses, 5) the supine structure in Saami (to express negative clause of purpose).
That is, the italicised NPs function only as the indirect objects of the matrix predicates, and not as constituents of the infinitival clauses.
The coordinations in (23) all contain the head verb vragen 'ask' governing an extraposed infinitival complement without complementizer, and in each of them the anterior conjunct qualifies as a superclause.
Pille Penjam's talk "The constructions of da-and ma-infinitives in Old Written Estonian" compared the uses and functions of infinitival complements in Old Written Estonian and contemporary written Estonian, using corpus data from the 17th century (a selection texts by Georg Muller, Heinrich Stahl and Christoph Blume, approx.
In the first construction type (examples 23-6), it is the infinitival clause, in the second the adverbial (examples 27-9), and in the third one a reverse word order (the clause expressing the requested action is moved to the initial position in the sentence, examples 30-2).
First, the variables are used for tracking entities for purposes of anaphor, deixis, relative clauses, infinitival clauses, and the like.
The short Infinitival endings -da and -ge have the widest distribution, and the use of variants is conditioned by morphological as well as by phonological factors.
The absence here of infinitival to (otherwise mandatorily present unless the absence is sanctioned by (W)BIC) signals the presence, as governing verb, of an element that is universally necessarily finite, that has no non-finite distribution, that is a "core" modal.
Asking whether forms like malluku are infinitives or infinitival nouns, Seminara decides for the latter because temporal expressions with infinitives would be rendered ina INF, not the attested ina umi INF (pp.
In constructions containing an infinitival dependent, a higher argument is often construed as the subject of the infinitive verb.
An example of this type of ambiguity is offered by English to, which functions variously as a dative marker, as a directional preposition, as a pure case marker, and as an infinitival morpheme.