Infix

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Infix

 

an affix, inserted within the stem in word formation or word inflection. The infix is an important means of affixation in the Indonesian languages, for example: in Tagalog s-um-ulat (“to write”) and s-in-ulat (“was written”) are derived from sulat (“writing”). The so-called nasal infix in Indo-European languages—in Latin, vic-i (“I conquered”) and vi-n-co (“I am conquering”)—is of a more debatable nature, since it does not have a definite meaning. Russian has alternations that originated in the Indo-European nasal infix: Russian lech’—liagu (“to lie”— “I’ll lie”) and sest’—siadu (“to sit”—“I’ll sit”) from Indo-European leg-ti—le-n-g-ō and sed-ti—se-n-d-ō.

References in periodicals archive ?
Koasati presents a dramatic case of what is otherwise a fairly commonplace phenomenon, the infixation of a copy of the initial consonant.
In all three of these cases, however, consonant clusters of the type that would be produced if a copy of the final foot were suffixed are phonotactically impermissible, making it possible to suggest that the appearance of infixation is actually the result of juxtaposition and consonant cluster reduction (omotumun-tumun [right arrow] omotumutumun).
Perhaps the oddest of all diminutive forms are those that appear to involve infixation of -it- before a word final -or or -ar: Victor `Victor' > Victitor, azucar `sugar' > azuquitar, ambar `amber' > ambitar.
infixation of -ecit-, or deletion of -o and suffixation of -ecito) is largely unimportant.
1) However, some morphological processes, like reduplication, infixation, and truncation, cannot be explained satisfactorily within this approach, mainly for two reasons.