care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Using data from moderately disabled older adults who are part of the ongoing Health and Retirement Study (HRS), we model the demand for three types of LTC services: nursing home care, paid home care, and informal care.
Estimating the opportunity costs of informal care is important from a policy perspective.
Table 1 shows that the informal care provided by a colleague, on the field (n = 299, 82.
At current utilization rates, institutional care and informal care would form the bulk of future LTC costs.
Does Informal Care from Adult Children Reduce Nursing Home Admissions for the Elderly?
However, the productivity losses and informal care costs associated with cancer will be less well understood and their magnitude less appreciated.
8220;Today, women provide the majority of unpaid informal care often for their spouses, for their adult parents as well as others and they will also have the greatest need for care at some point in their own lives.
The Impact Diabetes report also considered the indirect costs to individuals living with the condition, including those related to increased illness, the loss of income from stopping work and the need for informal care.
Of this, about 57 percent is due to direct healthcare expenditure, 21 percent is due to productivity losses and 22 percent due to informal care of people with cardiovascular disease.
Everyone I speak to has had a parent, grandparent, aunt, uncle, in-law or other relative who needed even informal care at home by the family, someone coming in to look after them or care outside the home.
Chapters discuss the policy and broader context for support and social care; the origins, meaning, and components of person-centered support; barriers in funding, the workforce, informal care, independent living, bureaucratization, preoccupation with negative risk, and practice; ways forward for policy and practice in terms of access to services and participation; and how change may be achieved through different approaches.

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