inheritance


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Related to inheritance: polymorphism

inheritance,

in biology: see heredityheredity,
transmission from generation to generation through the process of reproduction in plants and animals of factors which cause the offspring to resemble their parents. That like begets like has been a maxim since ancient times.
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.

inheritance,

in law: see heirheir,
person designated by law to succeed to the ownership of property of another if that owner does not make a contrary disposition of it by will. A person who takes property left to him by will is not an heir but a legatee.
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.

inheritance

the transmission of rights to PROPERTY. It is usually distinguished from SUCCESSION by focusing the latter on the transmission of rights to a particular office or status. See also KINSHIP.

Inheritance

 

transfer of the property of a deceased person (decedent) to his heirs. A distinction is made between inheritance according to the statutes and under a will. Inheritance according to the statutes usually takes place if there is no will, and in such a case the property is inherited by the persons indicated by law. In the USSR there are two categories of statutory heirs. The first category consists of the children (including adopted children), spouse, and parents (including adoptive parents) of the deceased, as well as a child of the deceased born after his death. The second category includes the brothers and sisters of the deceased and his paternal and maternal grandparents. Heirs in the second category have a right to inherit only if there are no heirs in the first category, if the heirs in the first category do not accept the inheritance, or if all the heirs in the first category have been deprived by will of the right to inherit. Within each category all persons inherit equal shares. Statutory heirs are also disabled persons who were dependent on the deceased for at least one year before his death. Such persons inherit equally with the heirs of the category that receives the inheritance. In the absence of other heirs, the dependent persons inherit all the property of the deceased. Grandchildren and great-grandchildren are statutory heirs if at the time of the death of the decedent a parent who would have been an heir is no longer alive; they inherit equal portions of the statutory share that would have been inherited by their deceased parent.

Household goods and personal effects are inherited according to a special procedure: they pass to the statutory heirs who had been living with the deceased for at least one year before his death, regardless of their inheritance category or statutory share.

If there are no heirs, if none of the heirs accepts the inheritance, or if they have all been disinherited by the testator, the property passes to the state by right of inheritance. An heir who has accepted an inheritance is liable for the debts of the decedent within the limits of the value of the property which has passed to him.

V. A. KABATOV

inheritance

[in′her·əd·əns]
(computer science)
A feature of object-oriented programming that allows a new class to be defined simply by stating how it differs from an existing class.
(genetics)
The acquisition of characteristics by transmission of particular alleles from ancestor to descendant.
The sum total of characteristics dependent upon the constitution of the sperm-fertilized ovum.

inheritance

1. Law
a. hereditary succession to an estate, title, etc.
b. the right of an heir to succeed to property on the death of an ancestor
c. something that may legally be transmitted to an heir
2. the derivation of characteristics of one generation from an earlier one by heredity
3. Obsolete hereditary rights

inheritance

(programming, object-oriented)
In object-oriented programming, the ability to derive new classes from existing classes. A derived class (or "subclass") inherits the instance variables and methods of the "base class" (or "superclass"), and may add new instance variables and methods. New methods may be defined with the same names as those in the base class, in which case they override the original one.

For example, bytes might belong to the class of integers for which an add method might be defined. The byte class would inherit the add method from the integer class.

See also Liskov substitution principle, multiple inheritance.

inheritance

In object technology, the ability of one class of objects to inherit properties from a higher class.
References in periodicals archive ?
Islamic countries' judiciaries determine issues of inheritance according to Islamic law, which determines its distribution in all cases, as it stipulates that if a family consists of one man and two females, the man will inherit 50% of the wealth and each woman 25%.
In August, the government established a committee to draft recommendations to the president to advance women's rights, including the possibility that women could pass their family name on to their children and enjoy equal inheritance rights.
For complete details and list of other best practices seminars such as Families' Guide to Estate and Tax Planning, and Families' Guide to Wills, Trusts and Inheritance, check www.
Nadia is one of millions of Egyptian women, who face difficulty in securing their portions of inheritance.
Mark is entitled to an inheritance but the will is under probate and he doesn't expect money to be distributed for several months.
This is only potentially exempt, as the individual gifting their cash or assets must live at least another seven years or they will still remain liable to Inheritance Tax.
The inheritance of intimacies, then, is at once both deeply personal and social.
By succession representation--the legal inheritor (not the testamentary one also, as the succession representation is specific only to the legal inheritance)--representative--pretends the hereditary rights of his/her ascendant--represented--deceased at the date the inheritance procedure is started, goes up in his/her place, rank and rights;
Toshibas on-line inheritance advisory service helps customers to minimize the workload and stress involved in inheritance procedures, and to reduce visits to and time spent at the bank, said Mr.
Rather, the passage says that if you are good, you will be able to leave inheritance even up to your children's children.
He said Shariah has placed great emphasis on financial rights of women, particularly their entitlement to inheritance moreover under Islamic Law and Jurisprudence, a female inherits almost in all categories and degrees of relationship; as a mother daughter, sister, wife, niece and others so many, as per rules of the law of inheritance.
But unlike in most countries where there is a large exemption for wealth left to spouses and children, there is no such exemption under the new inheritance rules.