inheritance

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Related to inheriting: disinheritance, heir

inheritance,

in biology: see heredityheredity,
transmission from generation to generation through the process of reproduction in plants and animals of factors which cause the offspring to resemble their parents. That like begets like has been a maxim since ancient times.
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.

inheritance,

in law: see heirheir,
person designated by law to succeed to the ownership of property of another if that owner does not make a contrary disposition of it by will. A person who takes property left to him by will is not an heir but a legatee.
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.

inheritance

the transmission of rights to PROPERTY. It is usually distinguished from SUCCESSION by focusing the latter on the transmission of rights to a particular office or status. See also KINSHIP.

Inheritance

 

transfer of the property of a deceased person (decedent) to his heirs. A distinction is made between inheritance according to the statutes and under a will. Inheritance according to the statutes usually takes place if there is no will, and in such a case the property is inherited by the persons indicated by law. In the USSR there are two categories of statutory heirs. The first category consists of the children (including adopted children), spouse, and parents (including adoptive parents) of the deceased, as well as a child of the deceased born after his death. The second category includes the brothers and sisters of the deceased and his paternal and maternal grandparents. Heirs in the second category have a right to inherit only if there are no heirs in the first category, if the heirs in the first category do not accept the inheritance, or if all the heirs in the first category have been deprived by will of the right to inherit. Within each category all persons inherit equal shares. Statutory heirs are also disabled persons who were dependent on the deceased for at least one year before his death. Such persons inherit equally with the heirs of the category that receives the inheritance. In the absence of other heirs, the dependent persons inherit all the property of the deceased. Grandchildren and great-grandchildren are statutory heirs if at the time of the death of the decedent a parent who would have been an heir is no longer alive; they inherit equal portions of the statutory share that would have been inherited by their deceased parent.

Household goods and personal effects are inherited according to a special procedure: they pass to the statutory heirs who had been living with the deceased for at least one year before his death, regardless of their inheritance category or statutory share.

If there are no heirs, if none of the heirs accepts the inheritance, or if they have all been disinherited by the testator, the property passes to the state by right of inheritance. An heir who has accepted an inheritance is liable for the debts of the decedent within the limits of the value of the property which has passed to him.

V. A. KABATOV

inheritance

[in′her·əd·əns]
(computer science)
A feature of object-oriented programming that allows a new class to be defined simply by stating how it differs from an existing class.
(genetics)
The acquisition of characteristics by transmission of particular alleles from ancestor to descendant.
The sum total of characteristics dependent upon the constitution of the sperm-fertilized ovum.

inheritance

1. Law
a. hereditary succession to an estate, title, etc.
b. the right of an heir to succeed to property on the death of an ancestor
c. something that may legally be transmitted to an heir
2. the derivation of characteristics of one generation from an earlier one by heredity
3. Obsolete hereditary rights

inheritance

(programming, object-oriented)
In object-oriented programming, the ability to derive new classes from existing classes. A derived class (or "subclass") inherits the instance variables and methods of the "base class" (or "superclass"), and may add new instance variables and methods. New methods may be defined with the same names as those in the base class, in which case they override the original one.

For example, bytes might belong to the class of integers for which an add method might be defined. The byte class would inherit the add method from the integer class.

See also Liskov substitution principle, multiple inheritance.

inheritance

In object technology, the ability of one class of objects to inherit properties from a higher class.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Rachel Iredale, from Cardiff University's Institute of Medical Genetics, said: "People worried about the risks of inheriting cancer often feel isolated.
Now, once a mutation is identified in one affected individual in a family, other family members at risk for inheriting the gene can be tested for the presence or absence of this genetic change.
For women, the gene more or less follows recessive inheritance patterns, but for men, who have only one X chromosome, inheriting one copy of a flawed gene results in disease.
The neuromuscular degeneration found in mice inheriting these genes is typical of human patients who have amyotropic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, a devastating, incurable disorder afflicting 30,000 people in the U.
We now have the unparalleled opportunity to help 23,000 Americans yearly who develop cancer as a result of inheriting a defective MSH2 or MLH1 gene," Fishel says.
Researchers expect the discovery of the gene, named MNK, to lead to faster and easier tests for diagnosing Menkes' syndrome in infants suspected of inheriting the rare disorder, which affects roughly one in every 100,000 males worldwide.
Because the gene is a dominant trait, each child in the family with one deaf parent faces a 50 percent chance of inheriting the gene and going deaf.
In the meantime, their study offers the first clear evidence that inheriting this gene from one parent creates a predisposition to serious psychiatric disorders and suicide, says medical geneticist Michael Swift, a coauthor of the report.
People who have a parent with FAP run a 50-50 chance of inheriting the gene and developing the disorder, which often emerges during adolescence.