ink


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ink,

pigmented fluid used for writing and drawing, or a viscous compound used for printing, both of various colors but most frequently black. The oldest known variety, India ink or China ink, is still used in China and Japan for writing with small brushes instead of pens. All inks are composed of a colorant, a vehicle, a solvent, and additives; the colorant for India ink is carbon black, and the vehicle is water; various substances including glue and gum are used to stabilize suspension. Because of its rich blackness and permanence, India ink is used extensively by architects, engineers, and artists. In many early civilizations dyes obtained from plants, and sepia from the squid, octopus, and cuttlefish, were used as ink. The black and blue-black inks used today, composed of copperas (ferrous sulfate), gallic and tannic acids, and a preservative, were probably known as early as the 2d cent., the acids then being derived from oak or nut galls. Numerous master drawings made with ink containing the acids of gallnuts have been corroded by the ink itself. These inks, and also the colored inks used today, contain aniline and other soluble dyes instead of holding their pigments in suspension; they are accordingly filterable and flow easily even through ball-point pens. Felt-tip markers contain organic compounds in solution. The glutinous inks used by printers owe their various viscosities to such ingredients as linseed oil, synthetics of the alkyd type, mineral oil, and petroleum fractions. This reliance on hydrocarbons has raised concern about pollution, and led to the development of several alternatives: vegetable–based inks; toluene–based inks so that the solvent can be recovered; and water–solvent inks. Marking inks used to mark linen are composed of a salt of silver. Indelible or incorrodible ink is used for writing that is exposed to the weather or to strong acids or alkaline solutions. Fluorescent inks are used in printing maps to be read at night. The liquid in the ink used in newspaper printing is absorbed into the paper, while in many other sorts of ink the liquid evaporates leaving the pigment above the paper surface.

ink

[′iŋk]
(materials)
A dispersion of a pigment or a solution of a dye in a carrier vehicle, yielding a fluid, paste, or powder to be applied to and dried on a substrate; writing, marking, drawing, and printing inks are applied by several methods to paper, metal, plastic, wood, glass, fabric, or other substrate.

ink

a dark brown fluid ejected into the water for self-concealment by an octopus or related mollusc from a gland (ink sac) near the anus
References in periodicals archive ?
The ink industry mainly provided services to the newspaper and book printing regions before the 1980s.
Michigan Allied Photochemical EFI Jetrion Industrial Inkjet Systems Flint Group Grand Rapids Printing Ink Co.
Options include plate cylinder lift-off, ink roller-free drive, automatic registry control, and pneumatically controlled impression rollers and setup modes for quick changeover.
The Ink Filling Stations will be installed in nearly 50 Chicago-area OfficeMax stores and will be rolled out to other stores across the country throughout 2006.
Early attempts to place traceable marks on uncured rubber with ink jet printers In the mid 1990s there were notable attempts by several ink jet printer manufacturers to mark uncured rubber with pigmented ink.
Later, around the stables, it got shortened to Ink.
At present, commercial coated ink jet papers are coated with amorphous silica pigments, Klass explained.
In Bogota, for example, police seized 38,061 ink and laser cartridges and 17,795 ribbons, along with machinery, packaging, parts and other items used to counterfeit products for Brother, Canon, Epson, Hewlett-Packard, Lexmark, Oki Data, and other brands.
The Clark results agree almost completely with our results, which indicate that the ink is 20th century, comments chemist Lucy B.
Cathy Greenwood, an English teacher, said, "Warning: Teen Ink will expose you to the thoughts and feelings of real teens who are good and sensitive and intelligent and brave and truthful.
DE-INKING - to make bright white paper from waste paper that has been printed, the inks have to be removed and disposed of.
Table 1: Leading Players in the US Ink Ingredients Market for 2004: Percentage Breakdown for Sun Chemical, Flint Ink, Clariant Corporation, Bayer Chemicals and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-3 Outlook II-3