inositol

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inositol

(ĭnō`sĭtōl): see vitaminvitamin,
group of organic substances that are required in the diet of humans and animals for normal growth, maintenance of life, and normal reproduction. Vitamins act as catalysts; very often either the vitamins themselves are coenzymes, or they form integral parts of coenzymes.
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Inositol

The generic name for hexahydroxycyclohexanes, which are classified as carbohydrates. The inositols have exceptional chemical stability and are easily crystallized. Of the forms common in nature, the most ubiquitous and biologically important is myoinositol, a water-soluble crystalline compound. Many biological functions require myoinositol, and thus it is identified as an essential metabolite. Although originally classified as a vitamin, myoinositol is now known to be a cellular precursor of phospholipids that serve as a source of metabolic regulators and as membrane anchors for certain proteins. Some microorganisms require exogenous myoinositol for growth. See Carbohydrate, Lipid

Inositol

 

(hexahydroxycyclohexane), a cyclic hexatomic alcohol. It exists in nine possible stereoisomeric forms, of which only myoinositol (meso-inositol) exhibits vitamin properties.

Inositol is a sweet-tasting solid substance with a melting point of 225°–227°C and a molecular weight of 180.2. Readily soluble in water and insoluble in organic solvents, it is widely distributed in plants, generally in the form of phytic acid and its calcium-magnesium salt (Phytin). Inositol is an essential growth factor for certain microorganisms. The human daily requirement of inositol is approximately 1–1.5 g. Like choline, inositol exhibits lipotropic properties; in particular, it prevents adiposis of the liver when there is a protein deficiency in the diet.

inositol

[i′näs·ə‚tȯl]
(organic chemistry)
C6H6(OH)6·2H2O A water-soluble alcohol often grouped with the vitamins; there are nine stereoisomers of hexahydroxycyclohexane, and the only one of biological importance is optically inactive meso-inositol, comprising white crystals, widely distributed in animals and plants; it serves as a growth factor for animals and microorganisms.
References in periodicals archive ?
Members of a civic group filed a complaint to the prosecutors earlier, claiming Inose infringed the public office election law as the money was not listed in his fund report for the 2012 Tokyo gubernatorial election campaign.
Inose said in a live televised address Thursday he did not want the scandal to affect Tokyo's preparations to host the Olympic Games.
Mr Inose was elected leader of one of the world's biggest cities in December last year.
In September, Mayor Inose said the award was a triumph for his country and would have a positive effect on those affected by the disaster.
For example, most scholars agree that Matsutaro Shoriki, owner of The Yomiuri, played a critical role in stimulating Japan's energy policy shift toward nuclear power by harnessing the rhetoric of "Atoms for Peace" (Arima, 2006, 2008; Inose, 1990; Sano, 1994; Yoshimi, 2012a, 2012b).
This was said by Governor Tokyo Naoki Inose while talking to Pakistani Ambassador to Japan Farukh Amil, who called on him on Monday and discussed matters of mutual interest like urban development, transportation systems, sports, culture, economic, trade and political relations between Japan and Pakistan.
Tokyo governor Naoki Inose apologized to the Muslim world in April after saying Islamic countries have nothing in common but Allah and "fighting with each other.
In addition to these challenges, international students also experience homesickness; interpersonal isolation; and difficulty reaching out to American peers, negotiating conflicting cultural values, and coping with racial, ethnic, and religious discrimination (Kaczmarek, Matlock, Merta, Ames, & Ross, 1995; Mori, 2000; Olivas & Li, 2006; Yeh & Inose, 2003).
Sonenshine, Acting Tokyo Governor Naoki Inose and U.
Prize-winning Japanese author and vice governor of Tokyo Naoki Inose presents Persona: A Biography of Yukio Mishima (the pen name of Kimitake Hiraoka, 1925-1970), superbly translated into English by award-winning translator Hiroaki Sato.
Naoki Inose balked Friday at Tokyo Electric Power Co.
Sano A, Kato H, Hamatani H, Sakai M, Tanaka N, Inose T, et al.