inositol

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inositol

(ĭnō`sĭtōl): see vitaminvitamin,
group of organic substances that are required in the diet of humans and animals for normal growth, maintenance of life, and normal reproduction. Vitamins act as catalysts; very often either the vitamins themselves are coenzymes, or they form integral parts of coenzymes.
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Inositol

The generic name for hexahydroxycyclohexanes, which are classified as carbohydrates. The inositols have exceptional chemical stability and are easily crystallized. Of the forms common in nature, the most ubiquitous and biologically important is myoinositol, a water-soluble crystalline compound. Many biological functions require myoinositol, and thus it is identified as an essential metabolite. Although originally classified as a vitamin, myoinositol is now known to be a cellular precursor of phospholipids that serve as a source of metabolic regulators and as membrane anchors for certain proteins. Some microorganisms require exogenous myoinositol for growth. See Carbohydrate, Lipid

Inositol

 

(hexahydroxycyclohexane), a cyclic hexatomic alcohol. It exists in nine possible stereoisomeric forms, of which only myoinositol (meso-inositol) exhibits vitamin properties.

Inositol is a sweet-tasting solid substance with a melting point of 225°–227°C and a molecular weight of 180.2. Readily soluble in water and insoluble in organic solvents, it is widely distributed in plants, generally in the form of phytic acid and its calcium-magnesium salt (Phytin). Inositol is an essential growth factor for certain microorganisms. The human daily requirement of inositol is approximately 1–1.5 g. Like choline, inositol exhibits lipotropic properties; in particular, it prevents adiposis of the liver when there is a protein deficiency in the diet.

inositol

[i′näs·ə‚tȯl]
(organic chemistry)
C6H6(OH)6·2H2O A water-soluble alcohol often grouped with the vitamins; there are nine stereoisomers of hexahydroxycyclohexane, and the only one of biological importance is optically inactive meso-inositol, comprising white crystals, widely distributed in animals and plants; it serves as a growth factor for animals and microorganisms.
References in periodicals archive ?
During this transition, language barriers in particular can negatively impact students' well-being and their ability to adjust (Barratt & Huba, 1994; Hayes & Lin, 1994; Stoynoff, 1997; Yeh & Inose, 2003).
Inose discovered a principle of digital telephone switching, and the technology was later used to develop the integrated services digital network (ISDN), which allows a single telephone line to be used for more than one purpose simultaneously.
After Inose released a statement earlier in the day in Tokyo saying that what he intended to convey "was not accurately reflected in the article," the paper said, "We are completely confident in the reporting for our article.
I will do whatever the central government can do" to help implement reforms in Tokyo, Abe told Inose in their meeting at the party headquarters.
Naoki Inose, who opposes the utility's plan to raise household electricity charges, attending as a representative of the Tokyo metropolitan government, the biggest shareholder in the utility with a roughly 2.
This stereotype creates difficulties for those adolescents who are having communication difficulties (Huang, 1997; Lee & Zhan, 1998; Yeh & Inose, 2002), interpersonal and academic/ career problems (Ma & Yeh, 2005; Yeh & Inose, 2002).
In spite of the "model minority" myth, suggesting that Asian Americans have been successful, function well in society, and have few cultural adjustment difficulties (Sue & Sue, 2003), researchers have identified mental health concerns, adjustment difficulties and a need for mental health services in groups of Asian Americans including local and international students (Leong, Wagner, & Tata, 1995; Yeh & Inose, 2003; Yeh, 2002).
We thank Teruko Ohtake and Yoshiko Inose (Keio University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan) for assistance with the sample analyses and data collection.
Naoki Inose had recently come under increasing pressure to step down, in particular from Japanese ruling party leaders who said the continuing scandal could affect preparations for the Summer Games.
We could hear your cheers in Buenos Aires," Tokyo Governor Naoki Inose told the crowd.
Naoki Inose left for London on Wednesday to attend a press conference there as head of the Tokyo bid team for the 2020 summer Olympics.
Naoki Inose, a prizewinning writer turned Tokyo's deputy chief, won a landslide victory in Sunday's gubernatorial election in the capital, garnering more than 4 million votes, the largest an individual has ever obtained in a domestic election, the final returns showed Monday.