inquiry


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inquiry

, enquiry
an investigation, esp a formal one conducted into a matter of public concern by a body constituted for that purpose by a government, local authority, or other organization

Inquiry

 

one of the forms of the investigation of crimes. As distinct from the preliminary investigation, inquiry is conducted not by an investigator but by an agency of inquiry and has certain procedural characteristics.

In socialist states inquiry is regulated in detail by laws of procedure.

In the USSR there are different kinds of inquiries: (1) inquiry in cases for which a preliminary investigation is obligatory and (2) inquiry in cases in which such investigation is not obligatory (as a rule, for crimes relatively uncomplicated as far as investigation is concerned). In the first instance, inquiry consists only in the initiation of a criminal case and the conducting of urgent investigative actions to establish and preserve traces of the crime (view, search, seizure, examination, and the detention and interrogation of suspects, victims, and witnesses). After these actions have been performed or, in any event, after ten days, the agency of inquiry must transfer the case to an investigator. From this moment on, the agency of inquiry may conduct investigative and search actions in connection with the case only on the instruction of the investigator (operative-search measures to ascertain the criminal are also carried out on the initiative of the agency of inquiry itself).

In the second instance, inquiry consists in the initiation of criminal cases and in the taking of all measures provided by law for establishing the circumstances of the criminal case that are to be proved, that is, the inquiry consists in a complete investigation of the crime. In this instance inquiry replaces preliminary investigation, and its materials form the basis for consideration of the case in court. In contrast to the preliminary investigation, the defense counsel does not participate in presenting to the accused the materials of the case in this form of inquiry. The inquiry materials are not presented to the victim, the civil plaintiff, the civil defendant, or their representatives.

In the USSR, inquiry is conducted by agencies of the militia, by commanders of military units and military formations, by heads of military institutions, by agencies of state security, by heads of correctional labor institutions, by agencies of state fire inspection and protection, by naval captains on long voyages, and by heads of polar stations during periods when there are no transportation connections with the station (Code of Criminal Procedure of the RSFSR, art. 117).

In the majority of bourgeois states, police inquiry is almost never regulated by law.

I. D. PERLOV

inquiry

[in′kwī·ə·rē]
(computer science)
A request for the retrieval of a particular item or set of items from storage.
References in periodicals archive ?
This will shortly be followed by an inquiry into the sinking of the Titanic, which senior DUP members have alleged was the result of a republican plot to discredit Protestant workmanship at the yard.
An automated teller machine operator may impose a fee on a consumer for initiating an electronic fund transfer or a balance inquiry only if
Advertising alone will not improve census; it will only increase inquiry activity, which is fine if insufficient inquiry activity is your only impediment to high occupancy.
T's inquiry was neither haphazard nor careless; rather, it was the prudent and reasonable thing to do.
Although formally independent, this inquiry had the blessing and backing of Labour from its inception.
Another book from the same year is Guba and Lincoln's (1989) Fourth Generation Evaluation, which updates an earlier title, Naturalistic Inquiry (Lincoln & Guba, 1985).
By the time the Inquiry reported, an election had brought in the new government of John Howard.
Often referred to as the marketing information system (MKIS), it is the cataloging of inquiry data to enable the facility to garner pertinent information concerning the performance of the marketing and sales efforts, as well as develop insights about the market.
If only you'd said we'd have a departmental inquiry,' he complained, "then we could have made it last 18 months, and finally said that it revealed a certain number of anomalies which have now been rectified but that there was no evidence of any intention to mislead.
Member Administration and Estate, Amer Ali Ahmed directed the concerned formations to provide the relevant record to the respective inquiry officers for finalization of these inquiries so that involvement of the officers / officials could be probed in a transparent manner.
The book is comprised of eleven chapters: Constructing an Understanding of Inquiry, Constructing an Understanding of Scientific Argumentation, Learning About Inquiry and Argumentation through Case Studies, Choosing to Become and Inquiry-Based Teacher, Developing a Philosophy for Inquiry, Four Levels of Science Inquiry, Modifying a Lab Activity Into an Inquiry-and Argument-Based Investigation, Managing the Inquiry-Based Classroom, Developing Effective Questioning Skills, Assessing Scientific Inquiry, and Creating a Classroom Culture of Inquiry and Argumentation.
There are lots of reasons not to have a Bloody Sunday Inquiry-type lawyer-fest, but Sir Richard Scott's Arms to Iraq inquiry and the Hutton inquiry are both examples of a more logical approach, where questions were led by a QC appointed as counsel to the inquiry.