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Wizard(religion, spiritualism, and occult)
The word "wizard" was applied in the past to a male magician or sorcerer and, occasionally, to a male Witch. The word comes from the Middle English wis, meaning "wise." According to Rosemary Ellen Guiley, the term first appeared in 1440 and was synonymous with "wise man." By the sixteenth century, it was applied to alchemists, blessers, cunningmen, sorcerers, Witches, and others. William West, in his Simboleography (1594), stated that, "Soothsayers and wizards. . . divine and foretell things to come, and raise up evil spirits by certain superstitious and conceived forms of words. And unto such words as be demanded of them, do answer by voice, or else set before their eyes in glasses, crystal stones or rings, the pictures or images of things sought."
In England the Witchcraft Acts of 1542, 1563, and 1604 made felonies of such practices as fortune-telling and divination, conjuring spirits and making love charms. Despite this many wizards continued to operate, protected by the fact that their clients were very close-mouthed about their dealings with them. The word is not used in Wicca nor in ceremonial magic.
See guru, lord high fixer. See also deep magic, heavy wizardry, incantation, magic, mutter, rain dance, voodoo programming, wave a dead chicken.