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(in Russian, prepodavatel’), a term used in the USSR in its broad sense to denote a staff member of a higher, secondary specialized, vocational, or general-education school who teaches an academic subject; in its narrow sense the term designates a staff position in higher, secondary, and vocational educational institutions.
At higher educational institutions a senior instructor who is usually a candidate of sciences performs the work of a docent. As a rule, the position of instructor is provided for in subdepart-ments where much emphasis is placed on practice or drill, as in subdepartments of foreign languages, physical education, and sports. At higher educational institutions senior instructors and instructors are hired on a competitive basis, whereas at secondary specialized and vocational educational institutions they are appointed by the director when a vacancy occurrs. At general-education schools instructors are called teachers.