instrument

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instrument

1. Music any of various contrivances or mechanisms that can be played to produce musical tones or sounds
2. a measuring device, such as a pressure gauge or ammeter
3. 
a. a device or system for use in navigation or control, esp of aircraft
b. (as modifier): instrument landing
4. a formal legal document

Instrument

 

a tool of human labor or an actuating mechanism of a machine, which “takes hold of an object of labor and alters it in an expedient fashion” (K. Marx, in K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 23, p. 384).

Instruments are divided into the following categories: (1) cutting (cutter, drill, broach, milling cutter), (2) pressing (stamp, knurl), (3) polishing (polishing wheel, whetstone), (4) percussion (hammer, chisel, punch), and (5) fastening-clamping (machine tool chuck, cutter tool post, vise, tongs). Various devices, apparatus, and equipment used in science and technology for measurements and other procedures and in medicine and veterinary science for surgical operations, therapeutic procedures, and research are also called instruments.

instrument

[′in·strə·mənt]
(engineering)
A device for measuring and sometimes also recording and controlling the value of a quantity under observation.

instrument

A device using an internal mechanism to show visually or aurally the attitude, altitude, or operation of an aircraft or an aircraft part. It includes electronic devices for automatically controlling an aircraft in flight.

instrument

(programming)
To install devices or instructions into hardware or software to monitor the operation of a system or component.
References in periodicals archive ?
The study confirms that the top five terminal values of the Filipino Entrepreneurs are Family Security, Happiness, Salvation, Self-respect, and Wisdom, while their top five instrumental values are Honest, Loving, Responsible, Broadminded, and Intellectual.
Null Hypothesis 4: There are no significant differences among instrumental values held by managers in the Baby Boom Generation vs.
As far as the instrumental values concerned, students value "Ambitious" (18.
While intrinsically valuable, the instrumental value of species, air, land, and water to one another will also be discerned and valued by people who believe in God as the creator, sustainer, and ultimate valuer of the physical world.
Although the rankings of values by females and males are quite similar, there were significant differences between the mean importance scores of each group for four of the terminal values and six of the instrumental values.
First, the underlying structure of the 18 instrumental values of the respondents was examined via factor analysis, reducing them to fewer dimensions, which were conceptually validated.
Instrumental values maybe of intrapersonal or interpersonal focus and include competence and moral values (Rokeach, 1973).
Scoring for each questionnaire was conducted as follows: (1) For terminal values, the importance scores of the nine "personal" values were totaled, and for instrumental values, the importance scores of the nine "competence" values were totaled, and (2) the scores for each set allowed the classification of respondents into one of four possible value types identified in Figure Two.
Personality dispositions are an expression or manifestation of terminal and instrumental values.
The valence of work for each individual was calculated by summing the instrumental values associated with each of the above second order outcomes.
As can be seen in Table 1, significant differences were found between optimists and pessimists for the terminal values of freedom and salvation and for the instrumental values of broad-minded, courageous, imaginative, and obedient.