Intellect

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intellect

the capacity for understanding, thinking, and reasoning, as distinct from feeling or wishing

Intellect

 

the capacity for thought and rational cognition, in contrast to, for example, such mental capabilities as feelings, will, intuition, and imagination.

The term “intellect” is derived from the Latin translation of the ancient Greek concept nous (mind), and its meaning is identical. In their theories Plato and Aristotle treated nous as the higher, supraindividual, rational part of the human soul; the “mind” as the first stage in emanation of the world, its flow from the single prime source, is a development of Neoplatonism. This meaning of the term was also adopted by medieval Scholasticism (intellect as divine intellect). In contrast to “reason” as the lower cognitive capacity (for elementary abstraction), the term “intellect” was used in Scholasticism to signify a higher cognitive capacity (suprasensory grasping of spiritual essences). These concepts were employed by Kant in an opposite sense: understanding, or intellect (in German, Verstand), as the ability to form concepts, and reason (in German, Vernunft) as the ability to form metaphysical ideas. This word usage became widespread in subsequent German philosophy and was definitively established by Hegel with his concepts of understanding (intellect) and reason. The former as a capacity for abstract-analytical differentiation is a preliminary condition for higher, rational, concrete-dialectical comprehension.

Since the end of the 19th century diverse quantitative methods for evaluating intellect, the level of mental development, by means of special tests and specific systems for statistical processing of these tests in factor analysis have become widespread in experimental psychology.

In animal psychology certain reactions of which higher animals, for the most part monkeys, are capable are regarded as intellect (or “manual thought”). Such reactions are characterized by sudden solutions of problems, easy reproduction of solutions once they have been discovered, their transfer to situations somewhat different from original ones, and, finally, a capacity to solve “two-phase” tasks.

In Soviet psychology the concept of intellect is used mainly in theory of individual-typological features of personality development (see B. M. Teplov, Problemy individual’nykh razlichii, Moscow, 1961, pp. 252–344). On a more general level intellect is a synonym for thought, the mental development of the individual.

IU. N. POPOV

INTELLECT

(language)
A query language written by Larry Harris in 1977, close to natural English.

Intellect

A natural language query program for IBM mainframes developed by Artificial Intelligence Corporation. The company was later acquired by Trinzic Corporation, which was acquired by Platinum, which was acquired by Computer Associates.
References in periodicals archive ?
3) The last objection relates to Aquinas's commitment to the immortality of intellective souls and touches one of the most difficult challenges to his ontology of thinking.
The poem, like the ones discussed above, reveals a basic pattern of impact and response which is found in much of Wordsworth's poetry: the poet's attention is arrested by something he sees or hears and he records his intellective and emotional response to the experience.
from a sense-intuition of these sensible facts, so in general the scientific knowledge of these purely intelligible facts of experience begins with an intellective intuition of these intelligible facts.
Juan Ruiz refers therefore to a superior level of sensibility, stating that in this "juntamiento con fenbra plazentera" all of the soul's abilities come into play: nutritive, perceptive, desiderative, locomotive, and even intellective in its judicativa dimension.
In Section II, I cite the passages within the Aristotelian corpus that apparently posit a separable and incorporeal intellective soul.
Mental prayer, that is, discursive meditation, is appropriate to the purgative stage, while affective prayer is characteristic of the illuminative way where one moves from an intellective focus to devout affections and acts of the will.
But intellective knowledge operates by separating itself from the sensible that, it faces by making it objective on the one hand, and, on the other hand, in a second phase, that it absorbs in the already-known reduced to an abstract relic.
Hall suggests three dimensions (temporal, intellective and logical).
This study endeavored to find out if the intellective variables among March 2005 nursing graduates to the subject predict the Nursing Licensure Examination (NLE) performance.
This corresponds to Husserl's conception of different forms of reason according to different classes of acts: there are intellective acts (i.
Intellective knowing consists in the formal apprehension of reality as real, sensing is the apprehension of reality in impression.
If, in confrontation with the absolute mystery, the Buddhist's approach is more intellective, seeking realization through insight/wisdom/gnosis, the Judeo-Christian approach is more affective, personal and communal, moving the will to compassion and the doing of justice.