Intellect

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intellect

the capacity for understanding, thinking, and reasoning, as distinct from feeling or wishing

Intellect

 

the capacity for thought and rational cognition, in contrast to, for example, such mental capabilities as feelings, will, intuition, and imagination.

The term “intellect” is derived from the Latin translation of the ancient Greek concept nous (mind), and its meaning is identical. In their theories Plato and Aristotle treated nous as the higher, supraindividual, rational part of the human soul; the “mind” as the first stage in emanation of the world, its flow from the single prime source, is a development of Neoplatonism. This meaning of the term was also adopted by medieval Scholasticism (intellect as divine intellect). In contrast to “reason” as the lower cognitive capacity (for elementary abstraction), the term “intellect” was used in Scholasticism to signify a higher cognitive capacity (suprasensory grasping of spiritual essences). These concepts were employed by Kant in an opposite sense: understanding, or intellect (in German, Verstand), as the ability to form concepts, and reason (in German, Vernunft) as the ability to form metaphysical ideas. This word usage became widespread in subsequent German philosophy and was definitively established by Hegel with his concepts of understanding (intellect) and reason. The former as a capacity for abstract-analytical differentiation is a preliminary condition for higher, rational, concrete-dialectical comprehension.

Since the end of the 19th century diverse quantitative methods for evaluating intellect, the level of mental development, by means of special tests and specific systems for statistical processing of these tests in factor analysis have become widespread in experimental psychology.

In animal psychology certain reactions of which higher animals, for the most part monkeys, are capable are regarded as intellect (or “manual thought”). Such reactions are characterized by sudden solutions of problems, easy reproduction of solutions once they have been discovered, their transfer to situations somewhat different from original ones, and, finally, a capacity to solve “two-phase” tasks.

In Soviet psychology the concept of intellect is used mainly in theory of individual-typological features of personality development (see B. M. Teplov, Problemy individual’nykh razlichii, Moscow, 1961, pp. 252–344). On a more general level intellect is a synonym for thought, the mental development of the individual.

IU. N. POPOV

INTELLECT

(language)
A query language written by Larry Harris in 1977, close to natural English.

Intellect

A natural language query program for IBM mainframes developed by Artificial Intelligence Corporation. The company was later acquired by Trinzic Corporation, which was acquired by Platinum, which was acquired by Computer Associates.
References in classic literature ?
Neither by detachment neither by aggregation is the integrity of the intellect transmitted to its works, but by a vigilance which brings the intellect in its greatness and best state to operate every moment.
When at long intervals we turn over their abstruse pages, wonderful seems the calm and grand air of these few, these great spiritual lords who have walked in the world,--these of the old religion,--dwelling in a worship which makes the sanctities of Christianity look parvenues and popular; for "persuasion is in soul, but necessity is in intellect.
For the same reason, this new intention is also individualized by our intellects, and then there will be another intention to be abstracted, which continues ad infinitum.
But Suarez also emphasizes two points: first, he is careful here when attributing cognitive powers to the senses, for it is easy to confuse intelligible and merely sensible functions: "as the sense is always accompanied by the intellect, when the intellects reasons (discurrit) around different places and times, the sense goes with it" (DA 8.
Intellects Quantum Central Banking System will help Central Bank of Armenia to streamline its business processes across multiple departments and external entities.
The authors examine US schools' failure to consider the intellects and talents of children, particularly gifted children.
Differently, by comparing between the passages of Averroes' youth and his mature works, I will research into: 1) the abandonment of the emanations's theory and the new causal relation between God and the celestial intellects; 2) in which ways these metaphysical modifications changed the role of the agent intellect concerning the human knowledge.
As Ghazali trys to raise doubts about intellects in the book named "Al-manqaz min Al-zalal", he believes that it is possible to reach a verdict which refutes intellectual approachs as well, thus the intellect are not an appropriate criteria for judgment alone.
Aristotle's ideas survived the dark ages as did Ibn Sina's, whose contributions to logic, metaphysics and medicine proved to be so valuable that coherent intellects could not but bow to his wisdom.
Although I fully recognize the problematic nature of Aristotle's statements on the intellect, I argue in Section III that one specific assumption he makes, together with his determination to save the greatest possible number of his naturalistic doctrines, leads him to postulate the passive and active intellects and their distinctive properties.
Why their minds and intellects continue to be sharp throughout the aging process while others experience loss of mental alertness and acuity.
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