brachytherapy

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brachytherapy

[¦brak·i′ther·ə·pē]
(medicine)
Radiation treatment using a solid or enclosed radioisotopic source on the surface of the body or at a short distance from the area to be treated.
References in periodicals archive ?
The pioneering brachytherapy therapy is one of the most significant advances in internal radiation therapy in 20 years.
Children in Fukushima will be forced to live for decades with fears of internal radiation exposure, and this is the negative legacy of possessing nuclear power plants.
They are: the difference between external and internal radiation sources, the physical chemistry of the radionuclides involved and the physiology of the human body.
of Michigan) compile 12 chapters for radiologists to gain a complete perspective on the imaging of primary carcinomas of the liver and their diagnosis and staging, as well as epidemiology, pathology, and surgical and non-surgical treatment options for both hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma, including newer techniques with intra-arterial therapy, such as selective internal radiation with radioactive isotopes.
As Ehehalt et al summarized (6), experimental approaches still to be validated include internal radiation therapy (15), polypeptide radionuclide receptor therapy (16), antiangiogenic therapy (17), and targeted chemotherapy regimens (18-20).
The tumour was so advanced that it could not be operated on meaning Mrs Field underwent eight weeks of chemotherapy and internal radiation, which cured her but left her with internal damage.
According to their calculations, this internal radiation is 1500 times as dangerous as overall radiation levels at the site.
Finally, various extrapolation models for external and internal radiation exposures are reviewed.
Urenco claims there is no specific risk from internal radiation associated with the activities of the Capenhurst site.
Conization and internal radiation therapy also are sometimes used for stage IA.
Plus, today women can receive internal radiation, also called brachytherapy, as well as external radiation.
21st Century uses stereotactic radiosurgery to focus laser-like radiation beams on brain tumors, and treats lung, esophageal and gynecologic cancers with internal radiation called high-dose-rate brachytherapy.
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