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A mental mechanism operating outside of and beyond conscious awareness by which certain external attributes, attitudes, or standards are taken within oneself.


the acceptance and incorporation of the standards or beliefs of other persons, or of society, by the individual. Internalization is a basic concept in FREUD's theory of personality development. The child's conscience (SUPEREGO) is formed by internalizing society's MORES, as represented by the parents’ personal values and standards. As suggested by this psychodynamic usage, the total acceptance of beliefs and values is usually implied when the concept is employed in a more general way. However, some expressed attitudes or behaviours may be based on social pressures, such as CONFORMITY, and involve compliance rather than internalization. See also SOCIALIZATION, OVERSOCIALIZED CONCEPTION OF MAN.



transfer inward from without. The concept of internalization entered psychology as a result of the work of the French sociological school (E. Durkheim and others), which linked internalization with the concept of socialization, the adoption of basic categories of individual consciousness from the sphere of social ideas. In the cultural-historical theory of the Soviet psychologist L. S. Vygotskii, the idea of internalization acquired fundamental importance for psychology. One of the basic premises of this theory is that any genuinely human form of the psyche initially evolves as an external, social form of human communication and only then, as a result of internalization, becomes a psychological process for an individual person. Stages of internalization have been traced in detail in works devoted to “intellectual actions.” In such works it has been demonstrated that internalization is not a simple transfer to action on the level of ideas (J. Piaget, Switzerland) but represents the formation of an internal structure of consciousness. Through its accompaniment by several other action changes, such as generalization or reduction, internalization leads to the formation of a new concrete psychological process.


Durkheim, E. “Sotsiologiia i teoriia poznaniia.” Novye idei v sotsiologii, collection 2. St. Petersburg, 1914.
Vygotskii, L. S. hbrannye psikhologicheskie issledovaniia. Moscow, 1956.
Vygotskii, L. G. Razvitie vysshikh psikhicheskikh funktsii. Moscow, 1960.
Gal’perin, P. Ia. “K ucheniiu ob interiorizatsii.” Voprosy psikhologii, 1966, NO. 6.


References in periodicals archive ?
Favorable Internalization Economics -- In connection with the internalization, City Office will enter into an administrative services agreement to provide certain affiliates of the external advisor administrative services and support and will receive an aggregate of $3.
These patterns suggest both that it is the psychological experience of religion that matters for well-being-happy and unhappy believers share the same pews-not the mere exposure to religion per se, and that the internalization of practices that bring one either closer to God or closer to greed are in direct conflict (Matt.
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s (2013) essay takes a narrower view of applying internalization theory to the location decision.
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The broad cultural risk factors that we thought were most influential in the development of thin-ideal internalization are net as important as genetic risk and environmental risk factors that are specific and unique to each [study participant]," explains Suisman.
As the team reported in the International Journal of Eating Disorders on Wednesday, identical twins' scores on thin-ideal internalization were closer to each other than those of fraternal twins.
We then introduce and describe the internalization process and develop a conceptual model that addresses the impact that social influences, social comparisons, and self-determination have on encouraging higher levels of brand community loyalty.
14), and a significant three-way interaction among self-esteem, television viewing, and internalization (F(1, 285) = 3.
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