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(i18n, globalisation, enabling, software enabling) The process and philosophy of making software portable to other locales.

For successful localisation, products must be technically and culturally neutral. Effective internationalisation reduces the time and resources required for localisation, improving time-to-market abroad and allowing simultaneous shipment. In orther words, internationalisation abstracts out local details, localisation specifies those details for a particular locale.

Technically this may include allowing double-byte character sets such as unicode or Japanese, local numbering, date and currency formats, and other local format conventions.

It also includes the separation of user interface text e.g. in dialog boxes and menus. All the text used by an application may be kept in a separate file or directory, so that it can be translated all at once. User interfaces may require more screen space for text in other languages.

The simplest form of internationalisation may be to make use of operating system calls that format time, date and currency values according to the operating system's configuration.

The abbreviation i18n means "I - eighteen letters - N".
References in periodicals archive ?
The Panel recognises that Cardiff Metropolitan University has made a huge contribution to the lives of both international and local students in Cardiff by achieving an impressive level of internationalisation throughout the institution and embedding it deep within its culture and strategy.
The internationalisation of higher education: An effective approach for Iran higher education.
Internationalisation and its management at higher-education institutions: Applying conceptual, content and discourse analysis, Helsinki School of Economics, Helsinki
The purpose of the paper is to present the importance of locally embedded personal relationships and individuals' networks for the rise of SMEs' opportunities in the internationalisation process (especially the market entry phase) as well as their international operations and growth.
Towards an integrative model of small firm internationalisation, Journal of International Entrepreneurship 1(4): 339-362.
lt;br />&nbsp;<br /> <strong>Progress made</strong> <br />Last year at this very forum, we discussed the prospect of RMB internationalisation and its effect on China's financial market development.
Qatar does not accept the internationalisation of what is happening in Yemen and opposes anyone who thinks of giving the issue international dimensions," Shaikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al Thani, Emir of Qatar, said after talks with Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh in Sana'a.
They 'also discuss the ongoing confusion and discourse within the field of comparative and international education and suggest that globalisation and its effects have increased the pace of internationalisation processes in higher education.
This book examines when, how and why internationalisation affects national economic institutions.
Uwe Brandenburg of the Centre for Higher Education Development and Hans de Wit, professor of internationalisation at the School of Economics and Management, Hogeschool van Amsterdam write in their article, dramatically titled "The end of internationalisation":
Moreover, it is axiomatic that the prosperity of the post-industrial society will receive an impetus if the prolific small-medium enterprising sector (SMEs) engages in internationalisation strategies.

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