internationalisation

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internationalisation

(programming)
(i18n, globalisation, enabling, software enabling) The process and philosophy of making software portable to other locales.

For successful localisation, products must be technically and culturally neutral. Effective internationalisation reduces the time and resources required for localisation, improving time-to-market abroad and allowing simultaneous shipment. In orther words, internationalisation abstracts out local details, localisation specifies those details for a particular locale.

Technically this may include allowing double-byte character sets such as unicode or Japanese, local numbering, date and currency formats, and other local format conventions.

It also includes the separation of user interface text e.g. in dialog boxes and menus. All the text used by an application may be kept in a separate file or directory, so that it can be translated all at once. User interfaces may require more screen space for text in other languages.

The simplest form of internationalisation may be to make use of operating system calls that format time, date and currency values according to the operating system's configuration.

The abbreviation i18n means "I - eighteen letters - N".
References in periodicals archive ?
Although there is no best way to internationalize a college or university, nor is there a point at which an institution can declare itself fully internationalized, this paper focused on internationalizing U.
In Ellingboe's [31] study, some faculty, despite having international experience, "had not made the cognitive shift to internationalize their curriculum.
Consequently, the need for faculty development programs and workshops that promote intercultural sensitivity and increase understanding of how and why to internationalize the curriculum are also essential [14,23,24,26,40,49,58,72,73,85].
Moreover, most research has traditionally focused on how firms internationalize once a decision is made to do so (Andersen 1993, Johanson/ Valhne 1990, Sullivan/Bauerschimdt 1990, Zhao/Luo/Suh 2004) rather than on the factors that drive a decision to internationalize in the first place.
We develop several hypotheses pertaining to these two aspects of international commitment, namely the decision to internationalize and the choice of high- versus low-risk foreign entry modes.
Contrary to both export development and international entrepreneurship research that suggest that international orientation will distinguish among managers who choose or not to internationalize, international orientation did not vary between internationalized and non-internationalized firms.
The center is expected to help China's high-tech companies internationalize and network with other companies in the world.
Company Continues to Internationalize Web-based 'Virtual Calling Card' Product, Adding PayPal Support to Access in 35 Countries
Newmarket International partnered with Basis Technology to internationalize its Delphi Sales and Catering software.
Now, as the use of legal e-billing and legal spend management technologies have flourished and are rapidly being adopted outside of the US, in large part due to the value of UTBMS coded time entries, the industry has felt increasing pressure to modernize, internationalize and supplement the existing codes in order to support this growth, which have never been updated.
Westport's management team and staff will continue to run the business integrated into Intertek Caleb Brett's global laboratory network, from which it will further expand and internationalize the services from Westport's main facility in Houston.
Our experience building expansive online learning sites in the clinical diagnostics industry, combined with our ability to internationalize those sites, make us the perfect partner for a multinational firm requiring localized content," says Bill Strelke, executive vice president of Knowledge Anywhere, Inc.

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