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The transmission of a radio-frequency pulse, or combination of pulses, intended to trigger a transponder or group of transponders, a racon system, or an IFF system, in order to elicit an electromagnetic reply. Also known as challenging signal.



in criminal and civil proceedings, an investigation or judicial action that consists in the obtaining and recording of oral information, that is, evidence concerning circumstances that are important for a given case.

Soviet legislation stipulates that interrogation may be conducted only by legally authorized persons. At the stage of preliminary investigation, these persons are officials of agencies of inquiry, investigators, and procurators; at the stage of judicial examination and in civil procedure the court conducts the interrogation.

In the event that the persons interrogated do not speak the language in which the judicial proceedings are conducted, they are interrogated through an interpreter.

In the interrogation of children who have not attained the age of 14 (and in the interrogation of persons from 14 to 16 years of age, at the discretion of the interrogator) the participation of a teacher is mandatory. In addition to a teacher, parents or other legal representatives may also participate in the interrogation.

The Basic Principles of Criminal Procedure of the USSR and Union and Autonomous Republics of 1958 (art. 14) prohibits the seeking of evidence by force, threat, or other illegal measures. The use of illegal measures of interrogation is recognized by law to be a crime against the administration of justice (art. 179, Criminal Code of the RSFSR and articles of the criminal codes of other Union Republics).

At the stage of preliminary investigation, a record of each interrogation is drawn up. An interrogation conducted during a judicial investigation is recorded in the minutes of the court session.

In the legislation of contemporary bourgeois states, democratic principles of interrogation are formally proclaimed, for example, voluntary testifying, prohibition of the use offeree and other methods of intimidation, and the right of the accused to testify in the presence of his attorney. In practice, these norms are often violated. The police frequently resort to methods of interrogation involving the use of coercion and force, called “third-degree interrogation.” In the USA, for example, various “special” measures of coercion are used during interrogations, including “truth serums,” which weaken the will and dull the consciousness of the interrogated, and lie detectors, which are supposedly able to distinguish between true and false testimony. The stipulations in legislation that these methods may be used only with the consent of the interrogated are purely a formality since the refusal of the interrogated to give his consent is interpreted as proof of his guilt and of the falseness of his testimony.


The transmission of a radio signal or a combination of signals intended to trigger a transponder or group of transponders.
References in periodicals archive ?
The military profession's inculcation of virtues, he argues, is what led the military (that is, service JAGs) to oppose abusive interrogation tactics, and it would behoove other professions to follow the military's example.
1) The use of enhanced interrogation techniques was not an effective means of acquiring intelligence
The use of the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques was not an effective means of obtaining accurate information," according to the Senate Intelligence Committee report.
After waiting for a few hours he was called in for the interrogation and his father was asked to wait outside.
The Washington Post recently quoted officials who had seen the full report as saying the CIA concealed key information, overstated "the significance of plots" and falsely credited its brutal interrogation techniques with yielding vital pieces of intelligence that already had been provided by detainees.
WZ) continues to be recognized as the premier consulting and training organization on interview and interrogation techniques.
36, for a further 14 days so that their interrogation might be completed.
Zubaida "cried," "begged," "pleaded" and "whimpered," but the waterboarding continued and the interrogation progressed.
Shortly after the attacks on 11 September 2001, the CIA drew up a list of new interrogation techniques that included sleep deprivation, slapping, subjection to cold, and "waterboarding".
Enhanced interrogation techniques used on terror detainees, including simulated drowning and sleep deprivation, were ineffective in gaining intelligence leads that led to important operations against terrorist groups or prevented attacks on the U.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Palestinian prisoner Arafat Jaradat, who died last week days after he was detained by Israeli forces, died in an interrogation room in Megiddo prison known for holding informers, said the Palestinian ministry of prisoners affairs.
Zero Dark Thirty,' Kathyrn Bigelow's Oscar-nominated film chronicling the hunt for bin Laden that ended with his killing in Pakistan by US special forces in 2011, has sparked a furious debate by implying that torturous interrogation tactics such as water boarding were used in the years-long intelligence-gathering effort that led to the raid.