intestinal villi


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intestinal villi

[in′tes·tən·əl ′vil‚ī]
(anatomy)
Fingerlike projections of the small intestine, composed of a core of vascular tissue covered by epithelium and containing smooth muscle cells and an efferent lacteal end capillary.
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The reasons might be that: firstly, stimulus from dietary antigens was lower in small intestine for declining of soybean anti-nutritional protein; secondly, BCAA have higher efficiency to absorption and utilization than whole compound protein; lastly, BCAA ameliorate mucus immune function and protect intestinal villi from negative effect of restricted protein diet.
The second exposure study also recapitulated the changes in the villus morphology (data not shown), supporting the notion that UFP exposure induced epithelial damage to the intestinal villi.
A pronounced polymorphism of the intestinal villi in diameter, shape, and length has been marked.
Discuss and explain the difference and relationship between the structure and function of the intestinal villi.
We analyzed the variance to compare the weight of spleen and thymus, differential count of leukocytes, serum cytokines, number and height of intestinal villi by means of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).
The most commonly reported endoscopic abnormality is small intestinal cryptosporidiosis, a flattening and blunting of the intestinal villi, similar to that seen in coeliac sprue [23,24].