intranet


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intranet

Computing an internal network that makes use of internet technology

intranet

[′in·trə‚net]
(computer science)
A private network, based on Internet protocols, that is accessible only within an organization. Intranets are set up for many purposes, including e-mail, access to corporate databases and documents, and videoconferencing, as well as buying and selling goods and services.

intranet

(networking)
Any network which provides similar services within an organisation to those provided by the Internet outside it but which is not necessarily connected to the Internet. The commonest example is the use by a company of one or more World-Wide Web servers on an internal TCP/IP network for distribution of information within the company.

Since about 1995, intranets have become a major growth area in corporate computing due to the availability of cheap or free commercial browser and web server software which allows them to provide a simple, uniform hypertext interface to many kinds of information and application programs.

Some companies give limited access to their intranets to other companies or the general public. This is known as an "extranet".

intranet

An inhouse website that serves employees only, and most medium-sized and large companies have one. Although intranet pages may have links to websites on the Internet, the intranet is not exposed to, or is accessed by, the general public. It provides a standard way to publish company policy, news, schedules, medical and insurance forms and training manuals. The intranet is also a venue for publishing blogs, wikis and social activities such as sports and exercise schedules.

Since the Web browser is the primary interface, intranets offer cross-platform support between Windows, Mac and Linux desktops.

An Internal Web
Intranets use the same HTTP server (Web server) technology, protocols and hypertext links as the public Web. Like all the organization's internal databases, the intranet server resides within the local network (LAN) inside the firewall and fortified from the outside world. See HTTP, firewall and LAN.

A Tongue Twister
For anyone discussing intranets, the terms intra-net and Inter-net must be pronounced very carefully to avoid confusion. The term was more popular in the mid-1990s, but it is still used. Contrast with extranet. See LAN, website, Web server and Internet.
References in periodicals archive ?
Charles: If all the employees can post news, then how do you manage the intranet so that it Fairly represents the organization - in your case, a multinational corporation?
We chose this style to signal that the intranet is a business tool, not a toy, and we've also posted our rules through our online Intranet Resource Center.
For example an intranet might contain standard tools tax professionals use in making calculations or preparing returns, such as a tax calendar, local tax rates, amortization, interest and penalty macros (or shareware) and rules of thumb on, for example, capital gains, alternative minimum tax and depreciation.
Along with besting Microsoft SharePoint in the judging, Intranet DASHBOARD also competed with three other leading intranet software solutions--Central Desktop, Mindbridge's IntraSmart Enterprise Edition, and Vialect IntraNet v.
Using an IBM RS6000F50 in tandem with the IBM Whistle InterJet (which contains the security software), the company pays about $150 per month for the intranet system on a lease basis.
As a banking corporation focused on fostering community and economic development that is a catalyst for positive social change, we are excited about incorporating Intranet DASHBOARD's online solutions to enhance our profitability while reducing the environmental impacts of our work," said Ronald Grzywinski, chairman, ShoreBank Corporation.
Personalization: Almost all of the winning intranets offered extensive personalization features to streamline information delivery and present the right material to the right person's intranet desktop at the right time.
This report draws upon recent experiences in delivering enterprise solutions, as well as recent primary research with select industry-leading companies, each with at least 10,000 employees and a corporate intranet that is at least two years old.
Audience Rankings - Every day, hundreds of news items are published on intranets for employees.
Intranet branding: There has been a long-standing question about whether or not to give a company's intranet a special brand name.
The winning companies saved between $200 and $1,000 annually per employee by improving their intranets.