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the idealist movement in philosophy that considers intuition to be the sole reliable means of cognition. Although the intuitionist tendency is characteristic of many philosophers and philosophical trends of the past, intuitionism as a definite movement arose at the turn of the century. It is, in particular, a type of reaction to the spread of a rationalistic way of thought, which is based on the mechanistic and positivistic conception of scientific knowledge and on the limitation of experience exclusively to the sphere of sense perception. As a variety of irrationalism, intuitionism is opposed to the philosophy of dialectical materialism. Two forms of intuitionism can be distinguished. For the first, anti-intellectual form, the opposition of intuition and intellect is characteristic, as in H. Bergson (France) and the philosophy of life as a whole. The second form tries to unite intuition and intellect, as in the Russian philosophers N. O. Losskii, S. L. Frank, and E. N. Trubetskoi; the French neo-Thomists E. Gilson and J. Maritain; and, in part, E. Husserl and the phenomenological school—M. Scheler, N. Hartmann (Germany), and other philosophers.

Bergson contrasts intuition to discursive, logical thinking or logical knowledge. He interprets intuition as the immediate merging of subject and object, the overcoming of the opposition between them. In the biological versions of the philosophy of life (for example, in the German philosoher L. Klages) intuition verges on instinct, giving direct knowledge of an object without the aid of consciousness.

Representatives of the second tendency of intuitionism strive to go beyond the bounds of immediate sense experience and propose that philosophy base itself on a special kind of experience—mental (particularly “religious”) experience. Dialectical materialism, while criticizing the exaggerated role that intuitionism assigns to intuition in cognition, looks upon intuition as an organic moment in the cognitive process, acting in unison with discursive thinking.

References in periodicals archive ?
consisted of an "intrinsic," more intuitionist analysis by the
But even if it is, that should be cold comfort to the intuitionist, since the conventionalist can explain cross-cultural agreement without positing universals: she can say that cross-cultural similarities between norms are evidence of circumstantial similarities (and, of course, similarities between the convention-makers themselves).
The intuitionist assumptions that ground Hamilton's mathematics entail that such creative thought occurs as articulations of the mind's a priori form of space.
Initially, we employ criminal conspiracy as a means of underscoring the inherently irrational intuitionist approach too often used by both courts and scholars to the determination of the First Amendment's scope.
2001) "The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment".
It appears that this point should be conceded by moral theorists of all brands, from error-theorists (2), through constructivists of various persuasions, including subjectivist and rationalist versions (Harman 1975, Korsgaard 1997) (3), to intuitionists (4).
For example, Frank uses the terms "moral sentiments" and "moral intuitions" interchangeably, but it would be best to keep these concepts distinct: one can have an intuition without necessarily experiencing "fellow-feeling," and an intuitionist may not accept the moral sentiments mechanism.
In the intriguing conclusion to Colson Whitehead's increasingly celebrated novel The Intuitionist (1999), the narrative's intelligent and gutsy protagonist, Lila Mae Watson, bides her time in seclusion, waiting for the right moment to release the secret to one of the novel's central mysteries: how to build the perfect elevator.
I want increased stop and searches on hoodies (people may moan about profiling but it's effective), more police (with power) on the estates that are constantly littered with crime, less bobbies by the roadside with a speed gun raking in revenues from motorists and insteadmore routine stops on vehicles by intuitionist officers.
While reasons of intimacy don't fit comfortably into this binomial frame, she explains how, using an intuitionist epistemology, they can be better understood.
utterly uncompromising intuitionist would move from the woods to the