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in criminal procedure, the elucidation of those circumstances of a criminal case necessary for arriving at the correct decision. Soviet law distinguishes between preliminary and judicial investigation.

Preliminary investigation, a basic form of inquiry, is an important stage in a criminal case. Begun after the initiation of the criminal case, it includes investigatory actions for the purpose of collecting and verifying evidence, presentation of the charges, the selection of a measure of restraint, actions to protect the legal interests of the accused, the victim, the plaintiff, and other participants in the trial, and actions to remove the causes and conditions contributing to the crime. The preliminary investigation comes to an end, within a period established by law, with the drawing up of a bill of indictment or a decree on termination of the case (see also).

Judicial investigation is a stage in the trial, during which a court of the first instance, in formal judicial session, makes a direct investigation of the evidence; that is, it verifies the evidence gathered in the preliminary investigation and inquiry and gathers and verifies additional evidence. Judicial investigation is autonomous; it is a multifaceted and objective analysis—with direct, open, and oral proceedings and equal procedural rights for all participants in the trial—of all the case’s circumstances significant for arriving at a just and legal decision.


A process conducted for the purpose of accident prevention which includes the gathering and analysis of information, the drawing of conclusions, including the determination of causes and, when appropriate, the making of safety recommendations (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
In the name of public interest and in the name of justice and fair play, there ought to be a body who will investigate you also because the Ombudsman cannot investigate itself,' the President said.
To investigate this assumption, we measured smooth muscle contraction and the change of intracellular [Ca.
This agency, in addition to protecting high-level public officials, investigates credit card fraud and certain computer crimes.
She said: "Some 874 people had the door closed in their face because the Law Society refused to investigate their complaints.
Grafton investigates the readers of Cardano's books, using as sources the marginal notes in extant copies, for example those penned by Elizabeth I's secretary, Sir Thomas Smith, and by Smith's protege, Gabriel Harvey.
The police officer investigates the facts of the case and takes appropriate action.
The most important advice is to take sexual harassment complaints seriously and investigate each complaint thoroughly before any decisions are made.
Today, two slots on the board remain to be filled, and the existing members are deciding on guidelines for determining which accidents to investigate.
But if the person assaulted is not a member of the tribe, the tribal police have no jurisdiction and the local police must be called in--if they are willing to investigate in the first place.
President Duterte has attacked the Office of the Ombudsman amid its probe of his and his family's bank transactions, threatening to form a body to investigate alleged corruption in the agency if it does not clean up its act.
A sheriff's deputy who accompanied social workers to Ray's home to investigate her abuse report dismissed the bruises on the younger boy's buttocks as minor, Ray said.
Officials investigate laser beams at Detroit airport.

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