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in criminal procedure, the elucidation of those circumstances of a criminal case necessary for arriving at the correct decision. Soviet law distinguishes between preliminary and judicial investigation.

Preliminary investigation, a basic form of inquiry, is an important stage in a criminal case. Begun after the initiation of the criminal case, it includes investigatory actions for the purpose of collecting and verifying evidence, presentation of the charges, the selection of a measure of restraint, actions to protect the legal interests of the accused, the victim, the plaintiff, and other participants in the trial, and actions to remove the causes and conditions contributing to the crime. The preliminary investigation comes to an end, within a period established by law, with the drawing up of a bill of indictment or a decree on termination of the case (see also).

Judicial investigation is a stage in the trial, during which a court of the first instance, in formal judicial session, makes a direct investigation of the evidence; that is, it verifies the evidence gathered in the preliminary investigation and inquiry and gathers and verifies additional evidence. Judicial investigation is autonomous; it is a multifaceted and objective analysis—with direct, open, and oral proceedings and equal procedural rights for all participants in the trial—of all the case’s circumstances significant for arriving at a just and legal decision.


A process conducted for the purpose of accident prevention which includes the gathering and analysis of information, the drawing of conclusions, including the determination of causes and, when appropriate, the making of safety recommendations (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
Today the Supreme Court has directed the CBI and the team, which was investigating the 2-G case, to also investigate about 14 cases of prima facie corruption and criminal offenses, which are appearing from the conversation which Nira Radia had with various people," advocate Prashant Bhushan told media here today.
Algerian authorities are investigating the possible presence of an Israeli intelligence network spying on arms deals Algeria has struck with Russia and Ukraine, according to the Jordanian daily AD DUSTOUR Wednesday.
SI Muhammad Aslam Mahar and SI Azhar Hussain Baloch of Police Station Ganjmandi being Investigating officers failed to arrest the accused and pressurize for compromise.
He has organized his treatment into chapters covering the role of the investigative reporter; how to investigate and pitch a story; investigating a person, place, or entity; using the Internet during investigations; investigating those who guard the public (e.
Based in the New York metropolitan area, the new firm will focus on investigating and analyzing building performance defects.
regulators are investigating alleged price fixing of passenger fares and fuel surcharges by British Airways and other airlines, according to a statement issued Thursday from British Airways.
In the second fatal North Los Angeles County train collision involving pedestrians in two days, deputies were investigating whether the man was trying to kill himself or just get across the intersection before the mile-long train blocked it.
In the process of investigating the effect of arsenic on blood vessels, we observed that arsenic could enhance agonist-induced contraction in an aortic ring organ bath system, suggesting that arsenic could disrupt contractile function in vascular smooth muscles as well.
However, Dana is investigating new uses that include the creation of carbon nanotubes--a byproduct created when acetylene is used to create the plasma--and investigating whether this device can be utilized to improve in-cylinder combustion and exhaust aftertreatment for both gasoline and diesel engines.
Foreign governments should "uphold their obligations under international law by investigating U.
But the State Department has not listed Hindu nationalists on its lists of terrorist groups, and the Justice Department is not investigating their fundraising in the U.
We are currently investigating Sweet & Maxwell, but it is impossible to say at this stage how long this will take.

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