To resolve these difficulties, ULVAC has developed an ionization vacuum gauge with a structure designed to lighten the load on ion collectors by reducing the ion current
value per area and to make electric potential in ionized space uniform.
Strahlneu-neutralization with PBN and ion current
measurement with Faraday cup.
For example, the limit of detection or quantification in targeted selected reaction monitoring measurements is limited either by the selected peptide ion current
or by the presence of interfering ions from such sources as coeluting species or "chemical noise.
This occurs when a voltage is applied across a membrane, setting up an ion current
Content includes information on such topics as ion distribution and ion current
The system also provides real-time information on neutralizer efficiency, ion current
flowing to the charged material, and system diagnostics.
In addition, the system provides real time information about the neutralizer efficiency, the ion current
flowing to the charged material and system diagnostics.
A control module displays real-time information on neutralizer efficiency, ion current
flowing to the charged material, as well as system diagnostics.
What makes cathodic protection confusing is that the current must change from electron current in the metallic part to an ion current
in the soil part.
Dual magnetron systems, which are usually used in industry for vacuum coating processes, provide an effective and stable ion current
over several hours.
What was required was a research and development low-energy high-current implanter for the energy range 20-200 keV with an ion current
to 1 mA for implantation into substrates with a diameter up to 15 cm.
Oxford Nanopore have a made a tremendous breakthrough in nanopore sequencing using ion current
, as highlighted in the NEWSFOCUS story [in the journal Science]," Lindsay says.