ironbark

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ironbark

any of several Australian eucalyptus trees that have hard rough bark
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About 50 m from the site the vegetation changed to woodland of Narrow-leaved Ironbark Eucalyptus crebra, White Cypress Pine and Buloke with a sparse ground cover.
This situation is typical throughout the broad arc of woodlands dominated by ironbarks and box trees, which characterise much of the wheat-sheep belt of Victoria, New South Wales and parts of southern Queensland.
This includes such iconic landscapes as the ironbark woodlands of Victoria, Queensland and New South Wales (from which Banjo Paterson's `Man from Ironbark' sprang), the open grassy plains that are lightly treed with various box eucalypts, and the red gum woodlands of the inland rivers.
Even today, Brisbane is made beautiful and famous not for its native ironbarks, mangroves, and ancient grass trees, but for its (Brazilian) Jacarandas in October, its (Mexican) Poincianas in December, and its South African Tulip Trees in February.
Here, as well as ironbarks, other dense hardwood species such as New England blackbutt, silvertop stringybark and messmate are targeted because they too have a low ash residue which is preferred in making silicon.
Ironically, large-scale tree plantings of ironbarks have been conducted in western New South Wales by Birds Australia to regenerate threatened bird habitat.
Dry forests and woodlands dominated by box trees and ironbarks once covered much of the inland slopes and plains of Victoria.
An estimated 500 hectares of box ironbark habitat is lost to mining each year.