jeopardy

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jeopardy,

in law, condition of a person charged with a crime and thus in danger of punishment. At common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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 a defendant could be exposed to jeopardy for the same offense only once; exposing a person twice is known as double jeopardy. Double jeopardy is prohibited in federal and state courts by the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The concept refers to an offense, not to an act giving rise to an offense; therefore, it is possible to try a person for multiple violations arising from a single act (e.g., assault, attempted murder, and carrying a deadly weapon). Jeopardy does not exist until the juryjury,
body convened to make decisions of fact in legal proceedings. Development of the Modern Jury

Historians do not agree on the origin of the English jury.
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 is sworn in, or, if there is no jury, until evidence is introduced. The prohibition of double jeopardy does not preclude a second trial if the first court lacked jurisdiction (authority), if there was error in the proceedings, or if the jury could not reach a verdict. A similar principle, known as res judicata, operates in civil suits. It holds that once a civil case has been finally decided on the merits the same parties can not litigate it again. In England and Wales, revisions to criminal law that took effect in 2005 now permit the Court of Appeal to order a person acquitted of a crime to be retried if there is "new and compelling" evidence.

jeopardy

Law danger of being convicted and punished for a criminal offence
References in periodicals archive ?
The CBA has not taken a position on whether the transfer of an interest in an accountancy practice to a revocable living trust will jeopardize its qualification as a public accountancy firm.
First, immature staff behavior jeopardizes camper safety and camper discipline.
If a taxpayer violates the prohibited transaction rules, he or she jeopardizes the IRA's tax-free status.
Conclusion: The IRS concluded that Hospital B did not jeopardize its tax-exempt status in this recruitment effort because objective evidence (the needs assessment) demonstrated a need for pediatricians in the community served by Hospital B, and the incentives paid to the physician recruit were reasonably related to causing the physician to establish and maintain a full-time practice in the community.
The single most important goal for the client is to maintain sobriety by not doing things that would jeopardize recovery.
Health Care Exemption for Employees Will Jeopardize Resident Safety
After discussing the negative income and employment tax aspects of such an informal plan, the tax adviser must determine whether the proposed reimbursement policy could jeopardize the company's S election.
Will proposals to eliminate "red tape" within government agencies, or to expand contracting-out, jeopardize these goals?
The principal tax issue in a managed care arrangement is whether the involvement of a tax-exempt hospital will jeopardize the hospital's tax-exempt status.
The failure to renew code sharing could seriously jeopardize international service between Pennsylvania's two largest cities, Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, and London," Gov.
Although these negotiations could be viewed as a required MD&A disclosure because they usually represent a known event or uncertainty reasonably likely to have material effects in the future, the SEC believes that the information needs of investors must be balanced against the risk of premature disclosure that could jeopardize completion of the transaction.