jerboa


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jerboa

(jərbō`ə), name for the small, jumping rodentsrodent,
member of the mammalian order Rodentia, characterized by front teeth adapted for gnawing and cheek teeth adapted for chewing. The Rodentia is by far the largest mammalian order; nearly half of all mammal species are rodents.
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 of the family Dipodidae, found in arid parts of Asia, N Africa, and SE Europe. Jerboas have extremely long hind feet and short forelegs; they always walk upright or hop like kangaroos. A jerboa can hop faster than a person can run, and a single leap may carry it more than 6 ft (1.8 m). Jerboas have long silky fur, buff colored above and pale below; members of most species have a black face mask and tail tuft. They have large eyes and long ears. The combined head and body length is between 2 and 8 in. (5–20 cm), depending on the species; the tail is usually somewhat longer than the body. When the animal sits, the tail is used as a prop. Solitary, nocturnal animals, with a low tolerance for heat, jerboas spend the day in individual burrows with plugged entrances. In the northern parts of their range they hibernate; some jerboas of the true deserts aestivate. They feed on plant matter, especially seeds, and insects. They do not drink, but survive on water obtained from food or produced by their own metabolism. The similar appearing kangaroo ratkangaroo rat,
small, jumping desert rodent, genus Dipodomys, related to the pocket mouse. There are about 20 kangaroo rat species, found throughout the arid regions of Mexico and the S and W United States.
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 and jumping mousejumping mouse,
rodent slightly larger than the common mouse, found in North America and N Asia, also called the kangaroo mouse. Its long hind legs and tail enable it to leap distances up to 12 ft (3.7 m). Jumping mice have gray to brown fur and are white underneath.
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 of North America are not of the same family as the jerboa. There are about 25 jerboa species, 22 of them in Asia. They are classified in 10 genera of the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Dipodidae.

jerboa

[jər ′bō·ə]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for 25 species of rodents composing the family Dipodidae; all are adapted for jumping, having extremely long hindlegs and feet.

jerboa

any small nocturnal burrowing rodent of the family Dipodidae, inhabiting dry regions of Asia and N Africa, having pale sandy fur, large ears, and long hind legs specialized for jumping
References in periodicals archive ?
2008: New species of five-toed jerboa (Rodentia: Dipodidae, Allactaginae) from North-East Iran.
He indicated that the selection of the Jerboa as the character of the new brand came after a study that involved experts in tourism promotion, media marketing and people interested in the UAE's wildlife, who all ultimately agreed on the Jerboa as the logo, because it is one of the most common rodents in the UAE desert, and is also a fast and intelligent animal known for its resourcefulness.
Fifteen burrows of Iranian jerboa were excavated in the study area during July and Aug of 2008, Jan and Feb 2009.
During its winter dormancy, the jerboa can still move slowly from one chamber to another in search of the most suitable temperature and humidity conditions.
It would be difficult to say what is the "subject matter" of [Moore's great poem] "The Jerboa.
Behind one of the hills from its hole in the ground, a curious jerboa, like a jack-in-the-box, popped out: cocksure, fearless of owls or red snakes - temerariousness galore
Habitat selection of Williams' Jerboa in Ardabil Province.
Finally there is an excellent photograph and facts about the long-eared jerboa.
Contract awarded for atherton jerboa cyber series steam steriliser
These include reptiles, and mammals such as the Arabian Red Fox, the Ethiopian Hedgehog and the tiny Lesser Jerboa.
There's a lizard that suddenly changes colour from black to yellow once it has reached its preferred body temperature and a mouse-like jerboa with legs like a very small kangaroo.
From the snow-white oryx that inspired the myth of the unicorn to the long-legged jerboa, leaping 10 times its own length through the star-filled Arabian nights.