jihad


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Wikipedia.
Related to jihad: Isis

jihad:

see IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Jihad

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Jihad means "holy war." But how that word is interpreted is a matter of some debate, probably because Muhammad himself used the term in different ways. Sometimes he used jihad to describe the cultural and political spread of Islam. Sometimes he used it to refer to the spiritual war against evil both in society and in the human soul.

Following are a few passages from the Qur'an relating to jihad:

Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and receive no hurt, and those who strive and fight in the cause of God with their goods and their persons. God hath granted a grade higher to those who strive and fight. (4:95)

Fight in the cause of God those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for God loveth not transgressors. (2:190)

And fight them on until there is no more tumult or oppression, and there prevail justice and faith in God; but if they cease, let there be no hostility to those who practice oppression. (2:193)

And if any strive (with might and main), they do so for their own souls; for Allah is free of all needs from all creation. (29:6)

Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things. (2:256)

Jihad

 

(Arabic, “holy war,” literally, “struggle” or “persevere”), one of the precepts of Islam, supported by the Koran (for example, sura 9, verse 29), according to which all Muslims able to do battle must carry out holy wars against unbelievers. The teachings developed by scholars of Muslim law state that the entire world is divided into a “land of Islam” (or “region of faith”) and a “war territory” (countries inhabited by non-Muslims, or unbelievers). The idea of jihad was widely used by the ruling strata of Muslim feudal society to inflame fanaticism and to unify Muslims under the banner of religion. The call to jihad was often used against “external enemies” as well.

At times, under conditions of combat against colonialists, calls to jihad served the interest of defensive war and the simultaneous defense of religion, as, for example, in the Sudan during the Mahdist uprising at the end of the 19th century.

Jihad is also called ghazawat (Arabic, literally a “raid,” “campaign,” or “attack”).

In recent times in Muslim countries the jihad has been a call to war in defense of the fatherland.

REFERENCES

Petrushevskii, I. P. Islam vlrane v VII-XV vekakh. Leningrad, 1966. Pages 80-83.
Encyclopédic de ïlslam, vol. 2. Leiden-Paris, 1965. Pages 551-53.

jihad

, jehad
1. Islam a holy war against infidels undertaken by Muslims in defence of the Islamic faith
2. Islam the personal struggle of the individual believer against evil and persecution
References in periodicals archive ?
As all Muslims know, jihad ys not as easy to explain as some would try to do.
Thus terrorist acts like 9/11, 7/7 or any other similar horrendous acts are sheer acts of terrorism and has nothing to do with jihad.
The book's first part is a carefully argued and clear introduction to the main issues necessary for contextualizing author and work, covering Ibn 'Asakir's life and oeuvre; the development of the idea of jihad from early Islamic times to the Crusading period; the genre of forty-hadith collections; the audience for Ibn 'Asakir's work; and the legacy of the new jihad ideology as it emerged during the eleventh and twelfth centuries.
In this instance jihad has been interpreted and enacted as fostering democracy and tolerance for greater societal good -- indeed, their actions bear testimony to Islamic education supporting liberty, security and peace.
If there was no love Jihad then why are Muslim girls not marrying Hindu boys," he said.
It is evil and it is saddening that they are also encouraging women to go to Syria in the name of sex Jihad," he said.
The statement came in the wake of a media storm over the role of jihad al-nikah, a permissible practice according to Neo-Salafism.
Summary: The Tunisian Interior Ministry said the practice of women traveling to Syria for sex jihad had now been completely halted, following controversial accusations last week that the government was "doing nothing" to tackle the phenomenon.
According to same newspaper, the IOF leadership estimates that the Islamic Jihad was behind the rocket fire, as an act of defiance against Hamas.
NEW YORK, April 24, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The American Freedom Defense Initiative (AFDI), a foremost civil rights and human rights advocacy organization, today decried the wave of inflammatory victimhood posturing by Islamic supremacist groups such as the Hamas-linked groups following the Boston Marathon bombings and the revelation that the suspects in the case are Islamic jihad terrorists.
GAZA, Jan 15 (KUNA) -- A militant of Al-Quds Brigades, the military wing of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad Movement, was killed on Tuesday while he was carrying out a "Jihad mission", the brigades said.
Starting on Friday, 25 Chicago buses will carry exterior signs that promote a more positive interpretation of jihad, as expressed by moderate Muslims.