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jingoism(jĭng`gōĭzəm), advocacy of a policy of aggressive nationalism. The term was first used in connection with certain British politicians who sought to bring England into the Russo-Turkish War (1877–78) on the side of the Turks. It apparently derived from a popular song of the period: "We don't want to fight, but, by jingo, if we do … ."
a term designating extremely chauvinistic and imperialistic views. It came into use in Great Britain during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78, when the chauvinist mood strengthened sharply after the dispatch of a British squadron to Turkish waters to oppose the advance of Russian troops in Turkey. The expression “by jingo” was in the refrain of a patriotic song popular at that time. Propaganda for colonial expansion and kindling of national enmity is characteristic of jingoism.