Joanna

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Joanna

(Joanna the Mad), 1479–1555, Spanish queen of Castile and León (1504–55), daughter of Ferdinand II and Isabella I. She succeeded to Castile and León at the death of her mother. Ferdinand II briefly assumed the regency until he was replaced by Joanna's ambitious husband, Philip IPhilip I
(Philip the Handsome), 1478–1506, Spanish king of Castile (1506), archduke of Austria, titular duke of Burgundy, son of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and Mary of Burgundy.
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. After Philip's death (1506), Ferdinand again assumed the rule, for Joanna had by this time become quite insane. At Ferdinand's death (1516) Joanna's elder son, Charles (later Holy Roman Emperor Charles VCharles V,
1500–1558, Holy Roman emperor (1519–58) and, as Charles I, king of Spain (1516–56); son of Philip I and Joanna of Castile, grandson of Ferdinand II of Aragón, Isabella of Castile, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Mary of Burgundy.
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), was proclaimed joint ruler of Castile with his mother. Joanna spent the rest of her life in the castle of Tordesillas. The pretense that she was not actually insane was sometimes used by the discontented, including Juan de PadillaPadilla, Juan de
, c.1490–1521, Spanish revolutionary leader in the war of the comuneros [municipalities] against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. Charles's conduct and his foreign advisers offended Spanish national feeling and led to a rising in Toledo under Padilla's
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, to justify revolts against the "foreign" ruler, Charles.

Bibliography

See T. Miller, The Castles and the Crown (1963).


Joanna,

in the New Testament. 1 Wife of Herod's steward Chuza. She was a follower of Jesus and was one who found the tomb empty. 2 Ancestor of St. Joseph.
References in periodicals archive ?
We asked food expert JOANNA BLYTHMAN to compare the ingredients listed on "normal" items and their lower fat equivalents to see what's best for you.
JOANNA SAYS: THE Kingsmill contains propionate - to extend the shelf life - and flavourings, which means chemical flavourings and not natural flavours.
Weight Watchers Cherry Bakewells Per cake: Fat: 5g; Calories: 156 JOANNA SAYS: THE Weight Watchers bakewells contain hydrogenated vegetable oil, bad news for your heart and arteries .
8g; Calories: 81 JOANNA SAYS: THEY'RE the only foods on this shopping list that have a simple ingredients list, which is very good.
Fat: 0g; Calories: 12 JOANNA SAYS: THE normal sugar is refined with no additives.
JOANNA SAYS: THE skimmed version cuts out the omega-3 essential fatty acid that is paramount for good health.
Calories: 55 JOANNA SAYS: THE lower-fat version needs lots of thickeners because the mayonnaise recipe has been altered substituting water and fromage frais for olive oil - yuck
3g Calories: 123 JOANNA SAYS: BOTH contain maltodextrin, a chemical low in nutrients used to bulk out foods.
JOANNA SAYS: BOTH have artificial ingredients and added salt.