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, sport of Japanese origin that makes use of the principles of jujitsu, a weaponless system of self-defense. Buddhist monks in China, Japan, and Tibet developed jujitsu over a period of 2,000 years as a system of defense that could be used against armed marauders and yet
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various forms of self-defense, usually weaponless, based on techniques developed in ancient China, India, and Tibet. In modern times they have come into wide use for self-protection, as competitive sports, and for exercise.
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a Japanese system of self-defense and attack without weapons. Its main methods include blows to the most vulnerable parts of the human body (for example, the solar plexus, carotid artery, and liver) and twisting and bending the joints of the arms and legs in combination with various types of throws and holds that squeeze the opponent’s respiratory tract. Jujitsu is based on traditional methods of self-defense without weapons that have been known in Japan since antiquity. Jujitsu was formulated around the 13th or 14th century and from the 14th to 19th century was widely accepted in Japan as a system of physical and combat training for samurai. At the end of the 19th century the Japanese national wrestling style, judo, was created by the selection and modernization of elements from the best schools of jujitsu. The 20th century saw the formation of such contemporary Japanese systems of weaponless self-defense and attack as karate and aikido\ toward the middle of the 20th century these forms were recognized as independent sports.