jungle fowl


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jungle fowl,

common name for small, terrestrial wild fowl comprising four species in the genus Gallus. Most important of these is the red jungle fowl, which Charles Darwin determined to be the ancestor of all domesticated fowl. It is the only wild fowl that can crossbreed fertilely with domesticated species. It is yellow-headed with a red comb and wattles, and its multicolored plumage resembles a jester's costume. The female is slightly smaller and less brightly colored than its mate. Jungle fowl are found in large numbers from India through S China and the Malayan archipelago, where they inhabit thickly wooded areas. They feed on a diet of seeds, buds, fruit, and insects. The polygamous males are highly aggressive (the modern game cock is thought to be the domestic form closest to the ancestral species) and they take no part in nest building, incubation, or the care of the young. From archaeological evidence, it would seem that the jungle fowl was first domesticated in India as much as 5,200 years ago and that by the 6th cent. B.C. it had entered Europe. The jungle fowl is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Galliformes, family Phasianidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chickens became domesticated from Red jungle fowl in Southeast Asia nearly 10,000 years ago (Sawai et al.
Genetic evidence from Indian red jungle fowl corroborates multiple domestication of modern day chicken.
As the relationship between Vietnamese breeds and Red Jungle fowl is not clear yet, efforts are needed to include local wild chicken populations from Vietnam into future research.
Visitors will pass an authentic bamboo bridge and observe a Malaysian garden populated with jungle fowl.
It is believed that chickens owe their navigation skills to their close relatives wild jungle fowl which inhabit the forests of Asia.
In the wild, the ancestor of the chicken - the Red Jungle Fowl - needs a mixture of open ground and cover, safe roosting and nests, food, water, dust- bathing facilities and no more than one cockerel to six or eight hens.
1999) noted negligible effect of heat stress on TI duration in both commercial broiler chickens and the red jungle fowl.
One can find huge flocks of pelicans, rose-ringed parakeets apart from crested serpent eagles, grey-headed fishing eagles, red jungle fowl, Bengal floricabs, bar-headed geese, whistling teals and swamp partridges.
The hundreds of breeds of poultry available in the world all originate from the Jungle Fowl found originally in the jungles and forests of Asia.
Many studies have suggested that the Southeast Asian red jungle fowl is the common ancestor of all chickens (Crawford 1990; Akishononomiya et al.
The Soft Feather section is made up of breeds which, although originating from the Jungle Fowl, have been developed by breeders in many different parts of the world and often named according to the areas or even towns and counties where they were bred, such as the Andalusian, Minorcas and Anconas, also British breeds such as the Sussex, Orpington and Scots Grey.
ABSTRACT : The carcass characteristics and composition of both male and female commercial broiler chickens (CB) and the red jungle fowl (RJF) were compared at a common body weight of 800 [+ or -] 25.