jungle fowl


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jungle fowl,

common name for small, terrestrial wild fowl comprising four species in the genus Gallus. Most important of these is the red jungle fowl, which Charles Darwin determined to be the ancestor of all domesticated fowl. It is the only wild fowl that can crossbreed fertilely with domesticated species. It is yellow-headed with a red comb and wattles, and its multicolored plumage resembles a jester's costume. The female is slightly smaller and less brightly colored than its mate. Jungle fowl are found in large numbers from India through S China and the Malayan archipelago, where they inhabit thickly wooded areas. They feed on a diet of seeds, buds, fruit, and insects. The polygamous males are highly aggressive (the modern game cock is thought to be the domestic form closest to the ancestral species) and they take no part in nest building, incubation, or the care of the young. From archaeological evidence, it would seem that the jungle fowl was first domesticated in India as much as 5,200 years ago and that by the 6th cent. B.C. it had entered Europe. The jungle fowl is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Galliformes, family Phasianidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Compared to red jungle fowl, Turkish and Iranian chicken breeds are closely related to each other.
Histomorphology of the stomach, proventriculus and ventriculus of the red jungle fowl.
The Origin and Genetic Variation of Domestic Chickens with Special Reference to Jungle fowls Gallus gallus and G.
One subspecies of the red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus) serve as the matriarchic ancestor of all domestic breeds.
Sequences from seventeen species were used to infer phylogeny resulting in five clusters, a cluster of ten Mammalian species, a single isolated cluster of Red Jungle Fowl, a single cluster of Amphibians, a cluster consisting of Fish and a cluster with a species of hemichordate and Atlantic salmon (Figure 3).
My next bird in the big three of jungle fowl came about through sheer luck.
Breeds best suited to hot environments are Jungle Fowl, Malays, Sumatras, Javas and Cubalayas.
Cheng created a genetic map using DNA from progeny of Male #10394--a member of the same Red Jungle Fowl line--and a White Leghorn female from an experimental inbred line of chickens.
The researchers suggest that domestic poultry may share a preference for trees with their wild ancestor the red jungle fowl, which shelters in Asian bamboo forests.
Then, we choose to shoot jungle fowl and smaller creatures so there is no waste.
We showed that ALV had colonized the host germ line of red jungle fowl before domestication to become chickens but after divergence of the genus Gallus into distinct species.
Wild boar, orangutans, parakeets, jungle fowl, partridges, and other animals congregate to stuff themselves.