justice of the peace

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justice of the peace,

official presiding over a type of police courtpolice court,
court with jurisdiction limited to minor offenses, chiefly the least grave misdemeanors and breaches of municipal ordinances. In practice the trial is usually held before a judge sitting without a jury.
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. In some states of the United States the justices, who are usually elected, have jurisdiction over petty civil and criminal cases as well as having such duties as the issuing of search warrants and the performance of marriage services. The justice of the peace was formerly of greater importance than he is at present. The establishment of the office throughout England in 1360 represented a further extension of royal authority to local government, especially to rural areas. The justices, selected from the gentry, enjoyed extensive administrative and police authority, and they had judicial power over most crimes. The office was established also in the American colonies, but by the latter part of the 19th cent. it had been relegated to a much less central role, especially in administrative areas, in both England and the United States.

justice of the peace

1. (in Britain) a lay magistrate, appointed by the crown or acting ex officio, whose function is to preserve the peace in his area, try summarily such cases as are within his jurisdiction, and perform miscellaneous administrative duties
2. (in Australia and New Zealand) a person authorised to administer oaths, attest instruments, and take declarations
References in classic literature ?
Genestas noticed a fair number of roofs of tarred shingle, but yet more of them were thatched; a few were tiled, and some seven or eight (belonging no doubt to the cure, the justice of the peace, and some of the wealthier townsmen) were covered with slates.
magistrate and justice of the peace, for the borough of Ipswich!
It has declared that in Washington, in that city which takes its name from the father of American liberty, any justice of the peace may bind with fetters any negro passing down the street and thrust him into jail: no offence on the black man's part is necessary.
These are the documents in the extraordinary case of the Gloria Scott, and this is the message which struck Justice of the Peace Trevor dead with horror when he read it.
The vacancy is being created by the retirement of current Justice of the Peace Cindy Cable.
To request any additional information regard the Trenton Garza for Justice of the Peace Campaign, please contact Communications Director Jillian Buttecali at jb.
everyone who had received a justice of the peace commission signed by
Last year, the former justice of the peace was convicted of stealing computer equipment from a county building in 2011.
Depute fiscal Julie Clark, at the Justice of the Peace court in Glasgow, said: "I have a lawyer's letter on his behalf pleading not guilty.
Bowlt is a historian of England's former Middlesex County and a retired justice of the peace for the Uxbridge Magistrates' Court-- the history of which she presents in this concise volume.
Cradley Library, in Colley Lane, was opened on March 26 1936, by Justice of the Peace SS Somers.
Justice of the peace Antonio Alonso, who failed to get the country's highest court to declare same-sex marriage unconstitutional, resigned December 26 to avoid having to perform marriages for gay couples.

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