Migration of kiln brown stain precursors during the drying of radiata pine sapwood.
A study of some factors promoting kiln brown stain formation in radiata pine.
Kiln brown stain in radiata pine: A short review on cause and methods for prevention.
The chemical nature of kiln brown stain in radiata pine.
Initial high-temperature schedule to reduce drying time and control kiln brown stain in ponderosa pine shop lumber.
At high drying temperatures, decomposition of the accumulated low-molecular-weight carbohydrates results in a visible darkening of the enriched zone called kiln brown stain
(KBS), which is typically found just beneath the surfaces of boards.
Kiln brown stain is a problem in ponderosa pine (Pinusponderosa) and other species of shop and appearance grade lumber.
Kiln brown stain is a problem in ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) and other species of shop and appearance grade lumber.
Temperatures above 160[degrees]F (71[degrees]C) are generally believed to increase the formation of kiln brown stain.
They found that kiln brown stain had been reported in many softwood and hardwood species of lumber around the world.
In research on radiata pine, it was found that kiln brown stain occurred just under (0.
The effect of two fumigants and a fungicide on the development of kiln brown stain
in radiata pine.