Kinesthesia


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Related to Kinesthesia: synesthesia

Kinesthesia

 

(also kinesthesis, proprioreception, muscle sense), the ability of man and animals to perceive and evaluate change in the relative positions and in the movements of the parts of the body.

N. M. Sechenov was the first to study the relationship between information about the position in space of various parts of the body and the degree of contraction of each muscle, on the one hand, and movement regulation and learning about the environment, on the other. He referred to kinesthesia as the “dark muscle sense.” During the contraction and stretching of muscles, nerve impulses arising in the kinesthetic receptors (muscle spindles, Golgi apparatus, and possibly the pacinian corpuscles) reach the central nervous system via sensory nerve fibers. The set of peripheral and central nervous formations participating in the analysis of this information was called the motor analyzer by I. P. Pavlov. The perfection and delicacy of coordination of motor reactions, such as locomotion in man and animals, are attributable to the steady accumulation throughout life of constantly regenerated connections between the neurons of the motor analyzer and those of the other analyzers (visual, acoustic, and so forth).

Kinesthesia plays an important role in the development of perceptions because it serves as the basis for control of all the other sense organs. Thus, visual appraisal of the distance of an object as it is approached is mediated by muscle sense.

O. M. BENIUMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
2) Therefore measurement of JPS or kinesthesia alone is not necessarily the right approach to reveal a neurological defect after joint injury, (7) hence a more functional test like postural sway (The degree of sway measured by Balance Index) which is measured by kinesthetic ability trainer is of more use functionally for the assessment of proprioceptive function.
Kinesthesia is our true sixth sense, mental telepathy notwithstanding.
Kinesthesia is evaluated by determining the threshold for detecting passive motion in the joint and was measured using the continuous passive motion (CPM) mode of the isokinetic dynamometer (Cybex NORM[TM], CSMI, USA) at an angular speed of 0.
7) Other sensory systems that integrate with kinesthesia include proprioception, our internal awareness of body position, especially limbs, and the system, located in the inner ear and important for spatial orientation, balance, and head position.
For more on comparisons of language with kinesthesia, see Talmy (2000a, chapter 7); on language with affect, see Talmy (2000a, chapter 1); and on language with culture, see Talmy (2000b, chapter 8).
Friday the 13th 3D contributes to this gruesome repertoire with kinesthesia.
Several studies have examined joint position sense and kinesthesia (proprioception) in the overhead throwing athlete.
One of the teams, comprised of undergraduate students, has been awarded winner of the Student Design Showcase for their Kinesthesia toolkit - a programme which merged the gaming technology Microsoft Kinect with National Instruments' (NI) LabVIEW to develop a driver and toolkit.
Likewise, the study of video games has proven to be increasingly complicated as the medium finds itself--as Judd Ruggill (Arizona State University) and Ken McAllister (University of Arizona) astutely point out in Gaming Matters: Art, Science and the Computer Game Medium--at "the nexus of engineering, mathematics, hermeneutics, logic, kinesthesia, narratology, performativity, art, and many others" (p.
Kinesthesia, balance and agility exercise (KBA) is a neuromuscular training programme designed to improve dynamic joint stability and neuromuscular control.
As a founding member of the Judson Dance Theater, along with Yvonne Rainer, Steve Paxton, Elaine Summers, and others, Schneemann's primary interest was in kinesthesia, or bodily sensations, hence, her chosen term "kinetic theater" to describe her early performance productions involving multiple participants.