Kinesthesia


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Related to Kinesthesia: synesthesia

Kinesthesia

 

(also kinesthesis, proprioreception, muscle sense), the ability of man and animals to perceive and evaluate change in the relative positions and in the movements of the parts of the body.

N. M. Sechenov was the first to study the relationship between information about the position in space of various parts of the body and the degree of contraction of each muscle, on the one hand, and movement regulation and learning about the environment, on the other. He referred to kinesthesia as the “dark muscle sense.” During the contraction and stretching of muscles, nerve impulses arising in the kinesthetic receptors (muscle spindles, Golgi apparatus, and possibly the pacinian corpuscles) reach the central nervous system via sensory nerve fibers. The set of peripheral and central nervous formations participating in the analysis of this information was called the motor analyzer by I. P. Pavlov. The perfection and delicacy of coordination of motor reactions, such as locomotion in man and animals, are attributable to the steady accumulation throughout life of constantly regenerated connections between the neurons of the motor analyzer and those of the other analyzers (visual, acoustic, and so forth).

Kinesthesia plays an important role in the development of perceptions because it serves as the basis for control of all the other sense organs. Thus, visual appraisal of the distance of an object as it is approached is mediated by muscle sense.

O. M. BENIUMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
3) Mastering this study refines kinesthesia, as one has to navigate broad intervals, raised black keys versus lower white keys, chords that require different hand shapes and wrist positions and so on.
The results of this investigation indicate that dominance does not interfere with the evaluation of reaction times of peroneus longus or tibialis anterior muscles, ankle joint position sense, or ankle kinesthesia in healthy sedentary individuals.
Joint position sense and kinesthesia scores in the dominant and non-dominant limb [Mean [+ or -] SD] Dominant Non-dominant PasJPS20-In (degree) 2.
Kinesthesia, balance and agility programs, as well as lower extremity resistance training programs, or a combination of the two appeared equally effective in reducing symptoms of knee osteoarthritis.
Our results, along with two previous small studies, provide preliminary evidence that kinesthesia, balance, and agility programs without additional resistance training could be effective in treating knee osteoarthritis symptoms.
2005) Effects of kinesthesia and balance exercises in knee osteoarthritis.
2011a) Knee osteoarthritis and the efficacy of kinesthesia, balance & agility exercise training: a pilot study.
EMG - electromyograph - a continuous record of the intrinsic electrical activity associated with muscle contraction and kinesthesia (swish of skirt and blink of eye).
Kinesthesia or kinesthetic awareness includes our sense of muscular tension or ease, joint position, balance and movement, and involves input from muscles, joints and the vestibular system of the inner ear.
90] on the morphology of the dorsal column and juxtaposed fibers of the spinal cord under influence by SCS suggests no negative (or positive) effect on kinesthesia as a result of the stimulation.